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AIRPORT ENGINEERING

AE_9789385039218

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Length170 mm
Thickness12 mm
Height235 mm
Weight335 g
AuthorRangwala
Pages256 + 16 = 272
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789385039218
SizeCrown
Edition16th
Year 2016

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Airport_Engineering

AIRPORT ENGINEERINGRangwalaEdition : 16th Edition : 2016 ISBN : 9789385039218 Size : 170 mm × 235 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 256 + 16 = 272` 125.00ABOUT THE BOOKThis book aims at presenting the topics of Airport Engineering written in a simple manner. The subject-matter is characterized by comprehension as well as methodical and easy-to-follow style, reflecting the latest FAA, ICAO, IATA and AAI recommendations and guidelines. Latest technique of GPS air traffic control has been highlighted in detail. Modern concept of Free Flight is also discussed. The outline of the book is: Chapter 1 : Introduction to the subject of Airport Engineering Chapter 2 : Explains Airport Survey Chapter 3 : Discuss Airport Planning Chapter 4 : Gives main aspects connected with the Runway Design. Chapter 5 : Gives features associated with Taxiway Design Chapter 6 : Elucidates Planning and Design of Terminal Area Chapter 7 : Gives aspects of the Airport Pavement Design Chapter 8 : Gives topics on Airport Grading and Drainage Chapter 9 : Explains Visual Aids Chapter 10 : Describes Air Traffic Control Chapter 11 : Discuss Heliports and Stolports. The text-matter has been arranged systematically into Eleven Chapters and various complicated topics are explained in lucid language assisted by: * 105 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches; * 19 Illustrative problems; * 26 Important useful tables; * 228 Typical questions at the end of the chapters. The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Civil Engineering students preparing for the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It should also prove of interest to the practising professionals.CONTENT1 : INTRODUCTION 2 : AIRPORT SURVEYS 3 : AIRPORT PLANNING 4 : RUNWAY DESIGN 5 : TAXIWAY DESIGN 6 : PLANNING AND DESIGN OF TERMINAL AREA 7 : AIRPORT PAVEMENT DESIGN 8 : AIRPORT GRADING AND DRAINAGE 9 : VISUAL AIDS 10 : AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL 11 : HELIPORTS AND STOLPORTS Appendix I : ABBREVIATED TERMS indexAIRPORT ENGINEERING Detailed ContentsChapter 1 introduction 1-1. General (1) Collective demand (2) Efficient and adequate supply (3) Power of discrimination 1-2. Significance of transport (1) Economic significance of transport (2) Political significance of transport (3) Social significance of transport 1-3. Modes of transport (1) Land transport (2) Water transport (3) Air transport 1-4. History of aviation 1-5. Air transportation in India (1) Indian Airlines Corporation (2) Air India International Corporation 1-6. International airport authority of India (IAAI) 1-7. Civil aviation department 1-8. Airport Authority of India (AAI) 1-9. Open sky policy 1-10. Airport terminology 1-11. Component parts of aeroplane (1) Engine, (2) Flaps, (3) Fuselage (4) Propeller, (5) Three controls (6) Tricycle undercarriage, (7) Wings 1-12. Aircraft characteristics (1) Aircraft capacity (2) Aircraft speed (3) Aircraft weight and wheel arrangement (4) Fuel spilling (5) Jet blast (6) Minimum circling radius (7) Minimum turning radius (8) Noise (9) Range (10) Size of aircraft (11) Take off and landing distances (12) Type of propulsion (13) Tyre pressure and contact area 1-13. Characteristics of the jet aircraft (1) Channelization (2) Fuel spilling (3) High-pressure tyres and small contact areas (4) High velocities, (5) Hot blasts, (6) Noise (7) Porpoising effect (8) Pumping of the joints (9) Sucking effect 1-14. Civil and military aircrafts 1-15. Classification of aerodromes 1-16. Classification of airports 1-17. Flying activities (1) Military operational flights (2) Non-scheduled commercial flights (3) Personal flights (4) Scheduled commercial flights QUESTIONS 1 Chapter 2 airport surveys 2-1. General 2-2. Objects of surveys 2-3. Types of surveys (1) Approach zone survey, (2) Drainage survey (3) Meteorological survey (4) Natural resources survey, (5) Soil survey (6) Topographical survey, (7) Traffic survey 2-4. Drawings to be prepared (1) Drainage plan, (2) Grading plan (3) Lighting plan, (4) Master plan (5) Obstruction plan, (6) Paving plan (7) Topographic plan QUESTIONS 2 Chapter 3 airport planning 3-1. General 3-2. Improvement of existing airport (1) Capacity of existing airport (2) Improving the existing capacity (3) Traffic forecast (4) Planning a new airport 3-3. Airport site selection (1) Atmospheric and meteorological conditions (2) Availability of land for expansion (3) Availability of utilities (4) Development of the surrounding area (5) Economy of construction (6) Ground accessibility (7) Presence of other airports (8) Regional plan, (9) Soil characteristics (10) Surrounding obstructions (11) Topography, (12) Use of airport 3-4. Airport size (1) Elevation of the airport site (2) Meteorological conditions (3) Performance characteristics of aircrafts (4) Volume of traffic 3-5. Forecasting in aviation 3-6. Airport obstructions (1) Imaginary surfaces (2) Objects with actual heights 3-7. Clear zone 3-8. Turning zone 3-9. Zoning laws (1) Height zoning, (2) Land-use zoning 3-10. Regional planning (1) Air traffic, (2) Existing airports (3) Population, (4) Topographical features 3-11. Airport architecture (1) Features of building, (2) International airport (3) Materials of construction, (4) Plants (5) Seating arrangements, (6) Utilization of space 3-12. Environmental considerations (1) Environmental impact assessment (EIA) (2) Environmental impact statement (EIS) (3) Environmental management plan (EMP) 3-13. Factors influenced by airport activity (1) Ecological factors (2) Engineering and economic factors (3) Pollution factors (4) Social factors 3-14 Measures to control adverse impacts (1) Measures to control noise impact (2) Measures to control soil and geology impact (3) Measures to control hydrology and water impact (4) Measures to control air quality impact QUESTIONS 3 Chapter 4 runway design 4-1. General 4-2. Runway orientation (1) Preliminary information required (2) Head wind, (3) Cross wind component (4) Wind coverage, (5) Wind rose 4-3. Change in direction of runway (1) Excessive grading (2) Noise nuisance (3) Obstructions 4-4. Basic runway length (1) Normal landing, (2) Normal take off (3) Stopping in emergency 4-5. Corrections to basic runway length (1) Correction for elevation (2) Correction for gradient (3) Correction for temperature 4-6. Geometric design of runways (1) Length (2) Longitudinal and effective gradient (3) Rate of change of longitudinal gradient (4) Safety area, (5) Sight distance (6) Transverse gradient, (7) Width 4-7. Balanced field concept 4-8. Airport capacity 4-9. Runway patterns (1) Single runway, (2) Parallel runways (3) Intersecting runways (4) Divergent or open V-runways 4-10. Comparison of runway patterns 4-11. Geometric design of runway intersection QUESTIONS 4 Chapter 5 Taxiway design 5-1. General 5-2. Layout of taxiways (1) Arrangement, (2) Busy airports (3) Crossing, (4) Higher turn-off speeds (5) Route 5-3. Geometric standards for taxiway (1) Length of taxiway (2) Longitudinal gradient (3) Rate of change of longitudinal gradient (4) Sight distance (5) Transverse gradient (6) Turning radius (7) Width of safety area (8) Width of taxiway 5-4. Exit taxiways (1) Air traffic control, (2) Exit speed (3) Location of runways, (4) Number of exits (5) Pilot variability, (6) Topographical features (7) Types of aircraft, (8) Weather conditions 5-5. Optimum location of exit taxiways 5-6. Design of exit taxiways (1) Angle of turn, (2) Compound curve (3) Exit speed, (4) Lengths L1 and L2 (5) Occupancy time, (6) Shape of taxiway (7) Stopping distance, (8) Turning radius 5-7. Loading aprons 5-8. Holding aprons (1) Configuration, (2) Entry to the runway (3) Facility of bypass, (4) Holding bays (5) Location (6) Peak demands 5-9. Fillets 5-10. Separation clearance 5-11. Bypass or turnaround taxiway QUESTIONS 5 Chapter 6 Planning and design of terminal area 6-1. General 6-2. Terminal building (1) Design objectives (2) Facilities to be provided (3) Noise control (4) Planning considerations (5) Site selection (6) Space requirements 6-3. Passenger flow (1) Arrival (2) Check-in, (3) Waiting (4) Security screening, (5) Departure (6) Deplaning 6-4. Parking of vehicles (1) Short-term, (2) Long-term, (3) Remote 6-5. Size of apron (1) Gate position (2) Number of gates (3) Systems of aircraft parking 6-6. Apron turntable 6-7. Hangars (1) Nose hangars (2) T-hangars 6-8. Protection from jet blast (1) Blast fences (2) Erosion control 6-9. Typical airport layouts 6-10. Layout of military airports QUESTIONS 6 Chapter 7 airport pavement design 7-1. General 7-2. Types of pavements (1) Flexible pavements (2) Rigid pavements 7-3. Design factors or requirements (1) Characteristics of construction materials (2) Subgrade soil (3) Wheel load 7-4. Design of flexible pavements (1) California Bearing Ratio (C.B.R.) method (2) McLeod method (3) Burmister Method (4) Analytical design method (5) Computer Aided Design Application 7-5. Design of rigid pavements (1) FAA method (2) Method based on Westergaard’s analysis (3) PCA method 7-6. LCN method of pavement design (1) LCN for flexible pavement (2) LCN for rigid pavement 7-7. Causes of failure of pavements (1) Failures in flexible pavements (2) Failures in rigid pavements 7-8. Typical flexible pavement failures (1) Alligator or map cracking (2) Consolidation of pavement layers (3) Formation of waves, (4) Frost heaving (5) Lack of binding with the lower course (6) Longitudinal cracking (7) Reflection cracking (8) Shear failure 7-9. Typical rigid pavement failures (1) Mud pumping (2) Scaling of cement concrete (3) Shrinkage cracks (4) Spalling of joints (5) Structural cracks, (6) Warping cracks 7-10. Maintenance and evaluation of airport pavements 7-11. Aircraft-pavement classification number system 7-12. Joints in cement concrete pavements (1) Expansion joints (2) Contraction joints, (3) Warping joints (4) Construction joints 7-13. Joint fillers and sealers 7-14. Pumping 7-15. Design of overlay pavements (1) Design of flexible overlay (2) Design of rigid overlay 7-16. Pavements for light aircraft (1) Flexible pavement (2) Rigid pavement QUESTIONS 7 Chapter 8 airport grading and DRAINAGE 8-1. General 8-2. Importance of grading 8-3. General requirements of grading (1) Cuts and fills, (2) Drainage, (3) Equipment (4) Grade lines, (5) Grading plans (6) Ground near landing strips (7) Intersection, (8) Subgrade soils 8-4. Operations of grading 8-5. Earthwork computations (1) Cross-sectional method (2) Mass-haul curve method 8-6. Aims of airport drainage 8-7. Functions of airport drainage 8-8. Special characteristics of airport drainage 8-9. Basic requirements of airport drainage system (1) Capacity, (2) Future expansion (3) Rapid drainage, (4) Strength 8-10. Surface drainage (1) Objectives of surface drainage (2) Time of concentration (3) Estimating runoff (4) Design procedure (5) Layout of surface drainage 8-11. Ponding (1) Meaning of the term, (2) Necessity (3) Importance, (4) Location, (5) Design process 8-12. Sub-surface drainage (1) Functions of sub-surface drainage (2) Changes in moisture content (3) Base course and subgrade drainage (4) Intercepting drainage, (5) Drainability of soils (6) Methods of sub-surface drainage 8-13. Types of pipes (1) Bell and spigot pipes, (2) Perforated pipes (3) Porous concrete pipes (4) Skip pipes 8-14. Filter materials QUESTIONS 8 Chapter 9 Visual aids 9-1. General 9-2. Requirements of pilots for visual aids (1) Daytime with clear weather (2) Night and daytime with bad weather 9-3. Airport markings (1) Apron marking, (2) Landing direction indicator (3) Runway marking (4) Shoulder marking (5) Taxiway marking (6) Wind direction indicator 9-4. Guidance to pilots during landing (1) Alignment guidance, (2) Height information (3) Visual parameters 9-5. Factors affecting airport lighting 9-6. Elements of airport lighting (1) Airport beacon, (2) Approach lighting (3) Apron and hangar lighting (4) Boundary lighting (5) Lighting of landing direction indicator (6) Lighting of wind direction indicator (7) Runway lighting (8) Taxiway lighting (9) Threshold lighting 9-7. Other associated visual aids 9-8. Visibility QUESTIONS 9 Chapter 10 air traffic control 10-1. General 10-2. Importance of air traffic control 10-3. Flight rules (1) Meaning, (2) Principle, (3) Responsibility (4) Type of control 10-4. Air traffic control network (1) Control centres, (2) Control towers (3) Flight service stations 10-5. Air traffic control aids (1) En route aids or airway aids (2) Landing aids or terminal aids 10-6. Automation in air traffic control aids 10-7. GPS Air Traffic Control 10-8. Free flight air traffic control (1) General (2) Free flight types (3) Different approaches of free flight QUESTIONS 10 Chapter 11 Heliports and stolports 11-1. General 11-2. Advantages of helicopters (1) Bad weather, (2) Future prospects (3) Military operation, (4) Saving in time (5) Utility 11-3. Characteristics of helicopter (1) Flight characteristics (2) Physical characteristics 11-4. Planning of heliports (1) Selection of site (2) Size of landing area (3) Orientation of landing area, (4) Terminal area (5) Obstruction clearance requirements (6) Marking of heliports, (7) Lighting of heliports 11-5. Elevated heliports 11-6. Heliports at airports 11-7. Characteristics of STOL aircraft 11-8. Advantages of STOL aircraft (1) Intercity transportation, (2) Noise (3) Operation, (4) Runway length (5) Use of airspace 11-9. Planning of stolports (1) Obstruction clearance requirements (2) Runway length (3) Runway width (4) Taxiway width (5) Marking of stolports (6) Lighting of stolports QUESTIONS 11 Appendix I Abbreviated Terms

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