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ELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

ECE_9789385039072

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Length170 mm
Thickness30 mm
Height235 mm
Weight0.895 gm
AuthorAnurag Kandya
Pages704 + 20 = 724
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789385039072
SizeCrown
Edition3rd
Year 2017

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ELEMENTS OF CIVILENGINEERINGdr. Anurag KandyaEdition : 3rd Edition : 2017 (Reprint) ISBN : 9789385039072 Size : 170 mm x 235 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 704 + 20 = 724` 400.00ABOUT THE BOOKThis is a single comprehensive book of its kind designed primarily to provide a clear-cut, contemporary and stimulating text in a convenient form for the first year engineering students. It provides quite modern and up-to-date coverage of the science and art of Civil Engineering which are changing rapidly. With the inclusion of the worked out examples, the book is almost a ‘self-teaching’ text material. The book has been divided into 5 sections namely Engineering Materials, Building Construction (including Earthquake Resistant Structures), Surveying and Levelling, Transportation engineering and Environmental Engineering (including Global Environmental Problems). It begins with an Introduction to Engineering and spreads in 45 chapters. It contains: * 700 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn diagrams * 145 Useful tables * 425 Questions at the end of the chapters A detailed list of various signs and symbols used in civil engineering drawings (as per Indian standards) has been included in the Appendix. A very extensive glossary of the key words used in civil engineering has been prepared which would greatly help the students in learning the fundamentals of the subject. Search engine, provided at the end, will facilitate the students to quickly find the topics of their interest. Almost all topics and sub-topics consist of ‘memory maps’ – the first of their kind. These memory maps consist of key words and will help the readers to crystallize the important points in their minds, thereby helping them to structure their answers in the examinations. The book almost covers the syllabi prescribed by the various Universities of India for the subjects ELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING/BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING and partially that of MATERIAL SCIENCE and CIVIL ENGINEERING GRAPHICS. It would be of immense help to the students preparing for Degree, Diploma or A.M.I.E. Examinations and various Boards of Technical Education. It should also prove a great asset to the students preparing for U.P.S.C. examinations. Questions from various university examination papers and competition examinations are discussed in the respective chapters. Neatly drawn sketches should definitely make the understanding of the students crystal-clear.CONTENT1 : INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING Part I : Elements of Engineering Materials 2 : ENGINEERING MATERIALS 3 : ORGANIC MATERIALS 8 : TILES 4 : TIMBER 9 : REFRACTORIES 5 : CERAMICS 10 : CEMENT 6 : ROCKS AND STONES 11 : CONCRETE 7 : BRICKS 12 : GLASS 13 : PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS Part II : Elements of Building Construction 14 : BUILDINGS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATIONS 15 : FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF A BUILDING 16 : PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING OF A BUILDING 17 : BRICK MASONRY 18 : FLOORS AND FLOORINGS 19 : DOORS AND WINDOWS 20 : STAIRS 21 : ROOFS 22 : LOADS ON A STRUCTURE 23 : FOUNDATIONS 24 : EARTHQUAKE AND EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT STRUCTURES Part III : Elements of Surveying and Levelling 25 : BASICS OF SURVEYING 26 : TOOLS OF SURVEYING 27 : SCALES 28 : CHAINING AND RANGING 29 : LINEAR MEASUREMENTS 30 : COMPASS SURVEYING 31 : LEVELLING 32 : CONTOURING 33 : AREA AND VOLUME 34 : THEODOLITE 35 : RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN SURVEYING Part IV : Elements of Transformation Engineering 36 : TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING 37 : DEVELOPMENT OF ROADS IN INDIA 38 : HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION 39 : TRAFFIC ENGINEERING 40 : RAILWAY ENGINEERING 41 : BRIDGES 42 : TUNNELS Part V : Elements of Environmental Engineering 43 : BASICS OF Environment 44 : OUR RESOURCES 45 : Global Environmental PROBLEMS Appendix A To Appendix CELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Detailed ContentsChapter 1 Introduction to engineering 1-1. Introduction 1-2. Engineering and its various branches 1-3. Modern engineering trends 1-4. Civil engineering and its branches 1-5. Civil engineering and basic human needs 1-6. Role of a civil engineer 1-7. Necessity and role of Indian Standards (I.S.) in civil engineering Questions I Part one : Elements of Engineering materials Chapter 2 Engineering materials 2-1. Introduction 2-2. Classification of engineering materials 2-3. Properties of engineering materials 2-3-1. Mechanical properties 2-3-2. Thermal properties 2-3-3. Electrical properties 2-3-4. Magnetic properties 2-3-5. Chemical properties 2-3-6. Optical properties 2-3-7. Physical properties 2-3-8. Technological properties Selection of materials Questions II Chapter 3 Organic Materials 3-1. Introduction 3-2. Monomers and polymers 3-3. Structure of polymers 3-4. Synthesis of polymers 3-5. Additives in polymers 3-6. Strengthening mechanism of polymers 3-7. Plastics 3-7-1. History of plastics 3-7-2. General properties of plastics 3-7-3. Types of plastics 3-7-4. Important types of plastics 3-7-5. Uses of plastics 3-7-6. Manufacturing plastic products 3-7-7. Plastics and the environment 3-8. Elastomers (rubber) 3-8-1. Types of rubber 3-8-2. Vulcanization of rubber 3-8-3. Modern manufacturing processes of natural rubber articles 3-8-4. Uses of rubber Questions III Chapter 4 timber 4-1. Introduction 4-2. Timber as a constructional material 4-3. Classification of trees 4-4. Soft wood and hard wood 4-5. Properties of a good timber 4-6. Processing of timber 4-7. Market forms of timber 4-8. Industrial timber 4-9. Indian timber Questions VI Chapter 5 ceramics 5-1. Introduction 5-2. Ceramics and silicates 5-3. Silicate structures 5-4. Classification of ceramic material 5-5. Properties of ceramic materials 5-6. Applications of ceramics Questions V Chapter 6 rocks and stones 6-1. Introduction 6-2. Classification of rocks 6-2-1. Geological classification of rocks 6-2-2. Physical classification of rocks 6-2-3. Chemical classification of rocks 6-3. Requirements of a good building stone 6-4. Quarry and quarrying Questions VI Chapter 7 bricks 7-1. Introduction 7-2. Composition of brick earth 7-3. Harmful ingredients of brick earth 7-4. Manufacture of bricks 7-5. Properties of good bricks 7-6. Classification of bricks 7-7. Tests for bricks Questions VII Chapter 8 tiles 8-1. Introduction 8-2. Ingredients of tiles 8-3. Manufacturing process of tiles 8-4. Uses of tiles 8-5. Characteristics of a good tile Questions VIII Chapter 9 refractories 9-1. Introduction 9-2. Desirable properties of refractories 9-3. Classification of refractories 9-4. Manufacture of refractories 9-5. Uses of refractories 9-6. High temperature refractory materials Questions IX Chapter 10 cement 10-1. Introduction 10-2. Chemical composition of ordinary cement 10-3. Cement compounds 10-4. Manufacture of cement 10-5. Production of cement 10-6. Testing of cement 10-7. Types of cement Questions X Chapter 11 concrete 11-1. Introduction 11-2. Ingredients of concrete 11-3. Reinforced cement concrete 11-4. Prestressed cement concrete 11-5. Requirements of a good concrete 11-6. Water-cement ratio 11-7. Workability 11-8. Curing 11-9. Grades of concrete 11-10. Concrete as a construction material Questions XI Chapter 12 glass 12-1. Introduction 12-2. Composition of glass 12-3. Classification of glass 12-4. Properties of glass 12-5. Manufacture of glass 12-6. Types of commercial glass 12-7. Special types of glasses Questions XII Chapter 13 paints, varnishes and distempers 13-1. Introduction 13-2. Paints 13-3. Varnishes 13-4. Distempers Questions XIII Part TWO : Elements of BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Chapter 14 buildings and their classifications 14-1. Introduction to buildings 14-2. Classification of buildings according to national building code (nbc) 14-3. Urban buildings 14-4. Rural buildings 14-5. Load bearing structures 14-6. Framed structures 14-7. Composite structures 14-8. Comparison of load bearing structures and framed structures Questions XIV Chapter 15 functional requirements of a building 15-1. Introduction 15-2. Basic requirements of a building 15-3. Components of a building with their basic requirements 15-4. Requirements of various buildings 15-4-1. Requirements of a residential building 15-4-2. Requirements of a hostel 15-4-3. Requirements of a hotel 15-4-4. Requirements of a school 15-4-5. Requirement of a library 15-4-6. Requirements of a shopping centre 15-4-7. Requirements of an industrial building 15-4-8. Requirements of banks Questions XV Chapter 16 principles of planning of a building 16-1. Introduction 16-2. Principles of planning 16-3. Practical considerations 16-4. Orientation criteria under Indian conditions 16-5. Optimum orientation of buildings 16-6. Vaastu Shilpa shaastra 16-6-1. Principles of site selection according to vaastu shaastra 16-6-2. Principles of planning according to vaastu shaastra Questions XVI Chapter 17 brick masonry 17-1. Introduction 17-2. Fundamentals of brick masonry 17-3. Necessity of a proper bond 17-4. Principles of a good bond in brick work 17-5. General principles for brick masonry 17-6. Bonds in brick work 17-6-1. Stretcher bond 17-6-2. Header bond 17-6-3. English bond 17-6-4. Flemish bond 17-6-5. Garden wall bond 17-6-6. Raking bond 17-6-7. Dutch bond 17-6-8. English cross bond 17-6-9. Facing bond Questions XVII Chapter 18 floors and floorings 18-1. Introduction 18-2. Fundamentals of flooring 18-3. Factors affecting the choice of flooring materials 18-4. Construction of ground floors 18-5. Construction of upper floors Questions XVIII Chapter 19 doors and windows 19-1. Introduction 19-2. Location of doors and windows 19-3. Technical terms 19-4. Types of doors 19-5. Types of windows Questions XIX Chapter 20 stairs 20-1. Introduction 20-2. Technical terms used in stairs 20-3. Requirements of a good staircase 20-4. Types of stairs Questions XX Chapter 21 roofs 21-1. Introduction 21-2. Requirements of a good roof 21-3. Fundamentals of roofs 21-4. Classification of roofs 21-5. Roof coverings for pitched roofs Questions XXI Chapter 22 loads on a structure 22-1. Introduction 22-2. Types of loads Questions XXII Chapter 23 foundations 23-1. Introduction 23-2. Functions of foundation 23-3. Requirements of a good foundation 23-4. Types of foundations 23-5. Shallow foundations 23-6. Dimension detailing of shallow foundations 23-7. Deep foundations 23-8. Necessity of deep foundations / pile foundations 23-9. Different types of deep foundations 23-10. Machine foundation 23-11. Causes of failure of foundations Questions XXIII Chapter 24 earthquake and earthquake resistant structures 24-1. Introduction 24-2. Fundamentals of an earthquake 24-3. Classification of an earthquake 24-4. Causes of earthquakes 24-5. Effects of an earthquake 24-6. Predicting earthquakes 24-7. Earthquake statistics 24-8. Seismic map of India 24-9. Earthquake resistant structures 24-10. General design principles of earthquake resistant structures 24-11. Earthquake: Do’s and Don’ts Questions XXIV Part three : Elements of Surveying and levelling Chapter 25 basics of surveying 25-1. Introduction 25-2. Primary divisions of surveying 25-2-1. Plane surveying 25-2-2. Geodetic surveying 25-3. Classification of surveying 25-4. Principles of surveying Questions XXV Chapter 26 tools of surveying 26-1. Introduction 26-2. Various instruments of surveying Questions XXVI Chapter 27 scales 27-1. Introduction 27-2. Different types of scales Questions XXVII Chapter 28 chaining and ranging 28-1. Introduction 28-2. Fundamentals of chain surveying 28-3. Selection of survey stations 28-4. Instruments required in a chain survey 28-5. Procedure for carrying out chain survey 28-6. Entering data in a field-book 28-7. Ranging 28-8. Different types of ranging Questions xxviii Chapter 29 Linear measurements 29-1. Introduction 29-2. Methods of linear measurements 29-3. Chaining on a plain ground 29-4. Chaining on a slopping ground 29-5. Obstacles in linear measurement 29-6. Numericals: Related to obstacles in chaining and ranging 29-7. Errors in linear measurement 29-7-1. Sources of errors 29-7-2. Nature of errors 29-7-3. Various types of errors 29-7-4. Summary of corrections 29-7-5. Testing and adjusting the chain 29-8. Numericals: Related to errors in linear measurement Questions xxix Chapter 30 compass surveying 30-1. Introduction 30-2. Fundamentals of compass surveying 30-3. Traverse 30-4. Meridians 30-5. Bearing 30-6. Methods of designating the bearings 30-7. Fore bearing and back bearing 30-8. Calculation of included angles from bearings 30-9. Magnetic compass 30-9-1. Temporary adjustments of a compass 30-10. Magnetic declination 30-10-1. Determination of true bearing from magnetic declination 30-10-2. Variation of the magnetic declination 30-11. Local attraction 30-12. Chain and compass survey 30-12-1. Plotting of a compass survey 30-12-2. Closing error 30-13. Steps to solve the closed traverse in compass surveying 30-14. Typical problems on compass surveying 30-15. Steps to solve an open traverse in compass surveying 30-16. Few important comparisons Questions xxx Chapter 31 levelling 31-1. Introduction 31-2. Fundamentals of levelling 31-3. Instruments used for levelling 31-3-1. Level 31-3-2. Levelling staff 31-4. Benchmarks 31-5. Classification of levelling 31-5-1. Direct levelling 31-5-2. Indirect levelling 31-6. Temporary adjustments of a dumpy level 31-7. Calculation of reduced level 31-8. Typical problems Questions xxxi Chapter 32 contouring 32-1. Introduction 32-2. Fundamentals of contouring 32-3. Factors affecting the Contour Interval 32-4. Methods of location of contour 32-4-1. Direct method 32-4-2. Indirect methods 32-5. Contour of natural features 32-6. Characteristics of contours 32-7. Uses of contour maps Questions xxxii Chapter 33 area and volume 33-1. Introduction 33-2. Methods of area computation 33-3. Planimeter 33-3-1. Parts of an amsler polar planimeter 33-3-2. Working of a planimeter 33-3-3. Zero circle 33-3-4. Computation of area of zero circle 33-3-5. Determination of multiplying constant M 33-4. Methods of volume computation 33-5. Estimation of reservoir capacity 33-6. Summary of the formulae Questions xxxiii Chapter 34 theodolite 34-1. Introduction 34-2. Types of theodolite 34-3. Essential parts of a theodolite 34-4. Fundamentals of a theodolite 34-5. Temporary adjustments of theodolite 34-6. Angular measurements by a theodolite Questions xxxiv Chapter 35 recent advancements in surveying 35-1. Introduction 35-2. Necessity of electronic distance meter 35-3. Electronic Distance Meter (E.D.M.) 35-4. Remote sensing 35-4-1. Working principle of remote sensing 35-4-2. Applications of remote sensing Questions xxxv Part Four : Elements of Transportation engineering Chapter 36 transportation engineering 36-1. Introduction 36-2. Role and importance of transporta-tion in national development 36-3. Comparison of different modes of transportation 36-4. Different modes of transportation 36-4-1. Airways 36-4-2. Waterways 36-4-3. Railways 36-4-4. Roadways/highways Questions xxxvi Chapter 37 development of roads in India 37-1. Introduction 37-2. Major road development plans 37-3. Classification of roads 37-4. Minor classification of roads Questions xxxvii Chapter 38 highway construction 38-1. Introduction 38-2. Highway materials 38-3. Highway pavements 38-4. Functions of pavement components 38-5. Cross-sectional elements of highway 38-6. Low cost roads 38-6-1. Different types of low cost roads Questions xxxviii Chapter 39 traffic engineering 39-1. Introduction 39-2. Objectives of traffic engineering 39-3. Traffic surveys 39-4. Traffic control devices Questions xxxix Chapter 40 railway engineering 40-1. Introduction 40-2. Comparison of railways and roadways 40-3. Classification of Indian railways 40-4. Classification of Indian railways based on Speed Criterion 40-5. Railway track/permanent way 40-6. Parts of a railway track/permanent way Questions xl Chapter 41 bridges 41-1. Introduction 41-2. Components of a bridge 41-3. Types of bridges 41-4. Bridge planning and construction Questions xli Chapter 42 tunnels 42-1. Introduction 42-2. Different types of tunnels 42-3. Modern tunnelling methods 42-4. Hazards of tunnel construction 42-5. Famous tunnels of the world Questions xlii Part five : Elements of Environmental engineering Chapter 43 basics of environment 43-1. Introduction 43-2. Fundamentals of environment 43-3. Components of environment 43-4. Biodiversity 43-5. Ecosystem and its components 43-6. Ecosystem and its various types 43-7. Ecological pyramids 43-8. Biomagnification 43-9. The biosphere and its functioning 43-10. Role of various species in an ecosystem 43-11. Ecological balance 43.12. Role of forests in maintaining the ecological balance Questions xliii Chapter 44 our resources 44-1. Introduction 44-2. Various types of resources 44-3. Energy sources 44-3-1. Conventional energy sources 44-3-2. Non-conventional energy sources Questions xliv Chapter 45 Global environmental problems 45-1. Introduction 45-2. Pollution and pollutants 45-3. Various types of pollutions 45-3-1. Air pollution 45-3-2. Water pollution 45-3-3. Noise pollution 45-3-4. Land pollution 45-3-5. Thermal pollution 45-3-6. Population pollution 45-4. Human interference in the ecological balance 45-5. Global environmental problems 45-5-1. Ozone depletion 45-5-2. Green house effect 45-5-3. Acid rain 45-6. Individual’s role in curbing the environmental problems Questions XLV Appendix a Signs and symbols for civil engineering drawings A-1 Signs and symbols for civil engineering drawings (as per I.S.: 962-1967) Table A-1 Symbols for various materials (in section) Table A-2 Types of lines and their uses Table A-3 Symbols for windows Table A-4 Symbols for doors Table A-5 Symbols for electrical installations Table A-6 Symbols for sanitary installations Table A-7 Symbols for fitments Table A-8 Symbols for land surveying Table A-9 Specimens of north direction Appendix B Glossary Appendix c Conversion factors in measurements Table C-1 Length Table C-2 Area Table C-3 Volume Table C-4 Weight

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