WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING View larger

WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING

WSSE_9789385039201

New product

₹350 tax incl.

Data sheet

Length170 mm
Thickness35 mm
Height235 mm
Weight1005 gm
AuthorRangwala
Pages784 + 16 = 800
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789385039201
SizeCrown
Edition29th
Year 2016

More info

30 other products in the same category:

Download

Water_Supply_Sanitary_Eng

WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING[Including environmental engineering]RangwalaEdition : 29th Edition : 2016 ISBN : 9789385039201 Size : 170 mm × 235 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 784 + 16 = 800` 350.00ABOUT THE BOOKThe entire subject of Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering including Environmental Engineering also known as Public Health Engineering is divided in to three parts: (1) Water Supply Engineering; (2) Sanitary Engineering; (3) Environmental Engineering. The first part deals with the fundamentals of Water Supply Engineering. It discusses the whole science of water supply engineering relating to the quantity and quality of water, sources of water supply, pumps for water supply projects, treatment of water, coagulation of water, filtration of water, disinfection of water, water softening, collection and conveyance of water, distribution system of water, pipe appurtenances, water pollution control, water management, radioactivity and water supplies, etc. The second part of the book deals with the fundamentals of Sanitary Engineering. It discusses the topics such as collection and conveyance of refuse, waste water, quantity and quality of sewage, construction and design of sewers, sewer appurtenances, sewage pumps, house drainage, natural methods of sewage disposal, primary treatment of sewage, filtration of sewage (secondary treatment), activated sludge process, sludge treatment and disposal, miscellaneous methods of sewage treatment, miscellaneous topics of sanitary engineering, etc. The third part deals with the fundamentals of Environmental Engineering. It discusses the topics such as environment, ecology and ecosystem, air pollution, noise pollution, natural resources and population, miscellaneous topics of environmental engineering and environmental legislation. The Appendix A demonstrates the Typical Design of a Sewage Treatment Plant and Appendix B describes some of the Terminology of the subject. The book in its 40 chapters and two appendices includes: * 278 Self explanatory and neat diagrams; * 152 Illustrative problems; * 68 Useful tables; * 690 Questions at the end of chapters. The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Civil Engineering and also Environmental Engineering students preparing for the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It should also prove of interest to the practising professionals.CONTENTPart I : WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING 1 : INTRODUCTION 2 : QUANTITY OF WATER 3 : SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY 4 : PUMPS FOR WATER SUPPLY PROJECT 5 : QUALITY OF WATER 6 : Treatment of water (Screens, pre-Sedimentation and SEDIMENTATION TANKS) 7 : COAGULATION OF WATER 8 : FILTRATION OF WATER 9 : DISINFECTION OF WATER 10 : WATER SOFTENING 11 : MISCELLANEOUS METHODS OF WATER TREATMENT 12 : collection and CONVEYANCE OF WATER 13 : DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF WATER 14 : PIPE APPURTENANCES 15 : WATER POLLUTION CONTROL AND WATER MANAGEMENT 16 : RADIOACTIVITY AND WATER SUPPLIES Part II : SANITARY ENGINEERING 17 : SANITARY ENGINEERING – AN INTRODUCTION 18 : COLLECTION AND CONVEYANCE OF REFUSE (Waste water) 19 : Waste water 20 : QUANTITY OF SEWAGE 21 : CONSTRUCTION OF SEWERS 22 : DESIGN OF SEWERS 23 : SEWER APPURTENANCES 24 : Sewage PUMPS 25 : HOUSE DRAINAGE 26 : QUALITY OF SEWAGE 27 : NATURAL METHODS OF SEWAGE Disposal 28 : PRIMARY TREATMENT OF SEWAGE 29 : FILTRATION OF SEWAGE (Secondary treatment) 30 : ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS 31 : SLUDGE treatment and DISPOSAL 32 : MISCELLANEOUS METHODS OF SEWAGE TREATMENT 33 : MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS of sanitary Engineering Part III : ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 34 : ENVIRONMENTAL 35 : ecology and ecosystem 36 : AIR POLLUTION 37 : NOISE POLLUTION 38 : Natural resources and population 39 : MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS of environmental engineering 40 : environmental legislation Appendix A : TYPICAL DESIGN OF SEWAGE TREATMENT Plant Appendix B : TERMINOLOGY BIBLIOGRAPHYWATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING Detailed ContentsPart I : Water supply engineering Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1. General 1-2. Need to protect water supplies 1-3. Water supply schemes 1-4. Project drawings 1-5. Report of water supply scheme/project 1-6. Importance of water supply project 1-7. Layout of water supply project QUESTIONS 1 Chapter 2 QUANTITY OF WATER 2-1. Data to be collected 2-2. Rate of demand 2-3. Factors affecting rate of demand 2-4. Measurement of water 2-5. Variations in rate of demand 2-6. Effects of variations on design 2-7. Water requirements for buildings other than residences 2-8. Design period 2-9. Summary QUESTIONS 2 Chapter 3 SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY 3-1. General 3-2. Surface runoff 3-3. Precipitation 3-4. Measurement of rainfall 3-5. Rainfall 3-6. Choice of source of water supply scheme 3-7. Types of sources for water supply schemes 3-8. Surface sources for water supply schemes 3-9. Salient features of reservoir design 3-10. Underground sources for water supply schemes 3-11. Forms of underground sources 3-12. Classification of wells 3-13. Types of well construction 3-14. Yield of a well 3-15. Specific capacity of a well 3-16. Tests for yield of a well 3-17. Spacing of wells 3-18. Sanitary protection of wells 3-19. Summary 3-20. Typical problems QUESTIONS 3 Chapter 4 PUMPS FOR WATER SUPPLY PROJECT 4-1. Necessity of pumps 4-2. Choice of type of pumps 4-3. Types of pumps 4-4. Power for pumps 4-5. Design of pumps 4-6. Rising main 4-7. Typical Problems QUESTIONS 4 Chapter 5 QUALITY OF WATER 5-1. Meaning of pure water 5-2. Reasons for the analysis of water 5-3. Impurities in water 5-4. Analysis of water 5-5. Physical tests 5-6. Chemical tests 5-7. Bacteriological tests 5-8. Maintenance of purity of waters 5-9. Water-borne diseases 5-10. Suitability of water for trade purposes: 5-11. Water for swimming pools 5-12. Drinking water standards QUESTIONS 5 Chapter 6 TREATMENT OF WATER (SCREENS, PRE-SEDIMENTATION AND SEDIMENTATION TANKS) 6-1. General 6-2. Screens 6-3. Pre-sedimentation 6-4. Sedimentation tanks 6-4-1. Purpose and location 6-4-2. Theory of sedimentation 6-4-3. Types of sedimentation tanks 6-4-4. Design aspects of continuous QUESTIONS 6 Chapter 7 COAGULATION OF WATER 7-1. Purpose 7-2. Principle of coagulation 7-3. Flocculation 7-4. Usual coagulants 7-5. Feeding the coagulants 7-6. Mixing devices 7-7. Jar test QUESTIONS 7 Chapter 8 FILTRATION OF WATER 8-1. General 8-2. Theory of filtration 8-3. Filter sand 8-4. Classification of filters 8-4-1. Slow sand filters 8-4-2. Gravity type rapid sand filters 8-4-3. Pressure type rapid sand filters 8-5. Comparison between slow sand filters and gravity type rapid sand filters 8-6. Double filtration QUESTIONS 8 Chapter 9 DISINFECTION OF WATER 9-1. Necessity for disinfection of water 9-2. Theory of disinfection 9-3. Minor methods of disinfection 9-4. Uses of ULTRA VIOLET–UV system 9-5. Chlorination 9-6. Properties of chlorine 9-7. Action of chlorine 9-8. Application of chlorine 9-9. Forms of chlorination 9-10. Tests for chlorine 9-11. Chlorine dioxide Questions 9 Chapter 10 WATER SOFTENING 10-1. Purpose of water softening 10-2. Types of hardness 10-3. Removal of temporary hardness 10-4. Removal of permanent hardness 10-5. Lime-soda process 10-6. Zeolite process 10-7. Demineralisation process 10-8. Reverse osmosis QUESTIONS 10 Chapter 11 MISCELLANEOUS METHODS OF WATER TREATMENT 11-1. General 11-2. Colour, odour and taste removal 11-3. Iron and manganese removal 11-4. Fluoridation QUESTIONS 11 Chapter 12 COLLECTION AND CONVEYANCE OF WATER 12-1. Meaning COLLECTION OF WATER 12-2. Intakes 12-3. Design of intakes 12-4. Design procedure for intakes 12-5. Types of intakes 12-6. Intake towers CONVEYANCE OF WATER 12-7. Conveyance of water 12-8. Pipes 12-9. Types of Pipes according to material used 12-10. Pipe corrosion 12-11. Effects of pipe corrosion 12-12. Theories of pipe corrosion 12-13. Prevention of pipe corrosion 12-14. Laying of water supply pipes 12-15. Hydrostatic testing of pipes QUESTIONS 12 Chapter 13 DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF WATER 13-1. General considerations 13-2. Methods of distribution of water 13-3. Service reservoirs 13-4. Systems of supply of water 13-5. Methods of layout of distribution pipes 13-6. Wastage of water 13-7. Water waste surveys 13-8. Permissible wastage of water 13-9. Preventive measures 13-10. Water waste tests 13-11. Maintenance of distribution system QUESTIONS 13 Chapter 14 PIPE APPURTENANCES 14-1. Necessity 14-2. Air valves 14-3. Bib cocks 14-4. Fire hydrants 14-5. Reflux valves 14-6. Relief valves 14-7. Sluice valves 14-8. Scour valves 14-9. Stop cocks 14-10. Water meters QUESTIONS 14 Chapter 15 WATER POLLUTION CONTROL AND WATER MANAGEMENT 15-1. Meaning of the term 15-2. Sources of water pollution 15-3. Types of water pollution 15-4. Preventive measures 15-5. Conclusion 15-6. Water management 15-7. Measures for re-shaping local water balance 15-8. Use and conservation of water resources QUESTIONS 15 Chapter 16 RADIOACTIVITY AND WATER SUPPLIES 16-1. Radioactivity 16-2. Effects of radiation 16-3. Radioactive sources 16-4. Disposal of radioactive wastes 16-5. Radioactivity of water 16-6. Measurement of radioactivity 16-7. Effect of treatments on water 16-8. Recommended methods 16-9. Conclusion QUESTIONS 16 Part II : SANITARY ENGINEERING Chapter 17 SANITARY ENGINEERING – AN INTRODUCTION 17-1. General 17-2. Purpose of sanitation 17-3. Principles of sanitation 17-4. Sanitary projects 17-5. Sanitary project drawings 17-6. Report for sanitary project 17-7. Site for sewage treatment works 17-8. Design aspects for sewage treatment plant 298 17-9. Some definitions QUESTIONS 17 Chapter 18 COLLECTION AND CONVEYANCE OF REFUSE (WASTE WATER) 18-1. General 18-2. Methods of carrying refuse 18-3. Systems of sewerage 18-4. Favourable Conditions for sewerage 18-5. Patterns of refuse collection QUESTIONS 18 Chapter 19 WASTE WATER 19-1. General 19-2. Standards for disposal of waste water 19-3. Waste water treatment 19-4. Primary waste water treatment 19-5. Secondary waste water treatment 19-5-1. Biological treatment units 19-5-2. Secondary clarifier 19-5-3. Sludge digester 19-5-4. Sludge drying beds 19-6. Oxidation ponds 19-7. Tertiary waste water treatment 19-8. Disposal of waste water 19-9. Reuses of waste water QUESTIONS 19 Chapter 20 QUANTITY OF SEWAGE 20-1. General 20-2. Dry weather flow 20-3. Storm water QUESTIONS 20 Chapter 21 CONSTRUCTION OF SEWERS 21-1. General 21-2. Materials for sewers 21-3. Materials used for sewers 21-4. Shapes of sewers 21-5. Joints in sewers 21-6. Laying and testing of sewers 21-7. Ventilation of sewers 21-8. Methods of ventilation of sewers 21-9. Cleaning and maintenance of sewers 21-10. Surface drains QUESTIONS 21 Chapter 22 DESIGN OF SEWERS 22-1. General approach 22-2. Minimum and maximum velocities (Self-cleansing and non-scouring velocities) 22-3. Hydraulic formulas for design of sewers 22-4. Sizes of sewers 22-5. Time of concentration 22-6. Design procedure 22-7. Variation in flow and velocities 22-8. Typical Problems of design of sewers QUESTIONS 22 Chapter 23 SEWER APPURTENANCES 23-1. Meaning of the term 23-2. Catch basins or catch pits 23-3. Clean-outs 23-4. Drop manholes 23-5. Flushing tanks 23-6. Grease and oil traps 23-7. Inlets 23-8. Inverted siphons 23-9. Lampholes 23-10. Manholes 23-11. Storm water regulators QUESTIONS 23 Chapter 24 SEWAGE PUMPS 24-1. Necessity of pumps 24-2. Pumping of sewage 24-3. Pumping stations 24-4. Requirements of a pumping station 24-5. Types of sewage pumps 24-6. Power for pumps 24-7 Horse-power of pumps QUESTIONS 24 Chapter 25 HOUSE DRAINAGE 25-1. Meaning of the term 25-2. Principles of house drainage 25-3. Traps 25-4. Some definitions 25-5. Sanitary fittings 25-6. Systems of plumbing 25-7. Drainage plans of buildings 25-8. Testing of drains and pipes 25-9. Maintenance of house drainage system QUESTIONS 25 Chapter 26 QUALITY OF SEWAGE 26-1. General 26-2. Properties of sewage 26-2-1. Physical properties 26-2-2. Chemical properties 26-2-3. Biological properties 26-3. Cycles of decomposition 26-4. Analysis of sewage 26-5. Physical tests 26-6. Chemical tests 26-6-1. Chlorine 26-6-2. Fats, greases and oils 26-6-3. Nitrogen 26-6-4. Oxygen 26-6-5. pH value 26-6-6. Total solids 26-7. Bacteriological tests 26-8 Relative stability 26-9. Population equivalent QUESTIONS 26 Chapter 27 NATURAL METHODS OF SEWAGE DISPOSAL 27-1. General 27-2. Disposal by dilution 27-3. Self-purification of natural waters 27-4. Disposal by land treatment 27-5. Sewage sickness QUESTIONS 27 Chapter 28 PRIMARY TREATMENT OF SEWAGE 28-1. General 28-2. Screens 28-3. Grit chambers 28-4. Detritus tanks 28-5. Skimming tanks 28-6. Plain sedimentation tanks 28-7. Primary clarifiers 28-8. Secondary clarifiers 28-9. Coagulation of sewage QUESTIONS 28 Chapter 29 FILTRATION OF SEWAGE (SECONDARY TREATMENT) 29-1. Secondary treatment 29-2. Filters 29-3. Contact beds 29-4. Intermittent sand filters 29-5. Trickling filters 29-5-1. Standard rate trickling filters 29-5-2. High rate or high capacity trickling filters 29-6. Miscellaneous filters QUESTIONS 29 Chapter 30 ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS 30-1. Meaning of the term 30-2. Action of activated sludge 30-3. Flow diagram 30-4. Methods of aeration 30-5. Diffused air aeration 30-6. Mechanical aeration 30-7. Combination of diffused air aeration and mechanical aeration 30-8. Sludge bulking 30-9. Accumulation of volatile suspended solids 30-10. Sludge volume index 30-11. Sludge density index 30-12. Step aeration 30-13. Tapered aeration 30-14. Extended aeration 30-15. Contact stabilization 30-16. Complete mix process 30-17. Oxidation ditch 30-18. Advantages of activated sludge process 30-19. Disadvantages of activated sludge process 30-20. Activated sludge process versus trickling filters QUESTIONS 30 Chapter 31 SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAl 31-1. Necessity 31-2. Quantity of sludge 31-3. Sludge treatment 31-3-1. Sludge thickening 31-3-2. Sludge digestion 31-3-3. Sludge conditioning 31-3-4. Sludge dewatering 31-3-5. Sludge disposal 31-4. Sludge gas 31-5. Sludge digestion tanks 31-6. Capacity of sludge digestion tank 31-7. Standard rate digestion 31-8. High rate digestion 31-9. Two-stage digestion QUESTIONS 31 Chapter 32 MISCELLANEOUS METHODS OF SEWAGE TREATMENT 32-1. General 32-2. Cesspools 32-3. Chlorination of sewage 32-4. Imhoff tanks 32-5. Oxidation ponds 32-6. Septic tanks 32-7. Treatment of industrial wastes 32-8. Wastes from fertiliser factories QUESTIONS 32 Chapter 33 MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS OF SANITARY ENGINEERING 33-1. General 33-2. Bio-gas 33-3. Elutriation 33-4. Garbage collection and removal 33-5. Garbage disposal 33-6. Micro-organisms 33-7. Types of metabolism 33-8. Divisions of micro-organisms 33-9. Night soil disposal without water carriage 33-10. Rural sanitation 33-11. Rotating biocontactor (RBC) QUESTIONS 33 Part III : ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Chapter 34 ENVIRONMENT 34-1. Definition 34-2. Components of environment 34-3. Man-environment relationship 34-4. Impact of technology on the environment 34-5. Environmental degradation 34-6. Principle of payment by polluter 34-7. Biological amplification 34-8. Environmental health hazard 34-9. Incipient lethal level 34-10. Monitoring programme 34-11. World environment day (WED) 34-12 environmental impact assessment (EIA) 34-13. Sustainable development 34-14. Environmental ethics 34-15. Code of ethics 34-16. Some terms QUESTIONS 34 Chapter 35 ECOLOGY AND ECOSYSTEM 35-1. Introduction 35-2. Ecosystem 35-3. Classification of ecosystem 35-3-1. Artificial ecosystems 35-3-2. Natural ecosystems 35-4. Aspects of ecosystem 35-5. Components of ecosystem 35-6. Energy flow in ecosystem 35-7. Food chains and food webs 35-8. Ecological or eltonian pyramid 35-9. Endangered species 35-10. Biogeochemical cycles 35-11. Acclimatization QUESTIONS 35 Chapter 36 AIR POLLUTION 36-1. General 36-2. Air pollution 36-3. Importance of air pollution 36-4. Composition of air 36-5. Necessity of ventilation 36-6. Quantity of air required 36-7. Aerosols 36-8. Smoke and fog 36-9. Dust, gas and vapour 36-10. Coning and fanning 36-11. Acid soot 36-12. Downwash 36-13. Green-house effect 36-14. Ozone layer 36-15. Consequences of green-house effect and ozone layer 36-16. Sources of air pollution 36-17. Air pollutants 36-18. Urban air pollution 36-19. Self-cleansing of atmosphere 36-20. Effects of air pollution 36-21. Acid rains 36-22. Control of air pollution 36-23. Some tragic incidences QUESTIONS 36 Chapter 37 NOISE POLLUTION 37-1. General 37-2. Effects of noise 37-3. Threshold of hearing 37-4. Measurement of sound 37-5. Acoustic reflex 37-6. Acceptable noise levels 37-7. Types of noises 37-8. Control of noise pollution 37-9. Air pollution and noise pollution QUESTIONS 36 Chapter 38 NATURAL RESOURCES AND POPULATION 38-1. Natural resources 38-2. Exploitation of natural resources 38-3. Major natural resources 38-3-1. Agricultural resources 38-3-2. Animal resources 38-3-3. Food resources 38-3-4. Forest resources 38-3-5. Land resources 38-3-6. Marine resources 38-3-7. Mineral resources 38-3-8. Soil resources 38-3-9. Wild life resources 38-3-10. Water resources 38-3-11. Energy resources 38-4. Renewable or non-conventional energy resources 38-4-1. Sun energy 38-4-2. Wind energy 38-4-3. Bio-energy 38-4-4. Geothermal energy 38-4-5. Oceanic energy 38-4-6. Tidal energy 38-4-7. Chemical energy 38-4-8. Hydrogen energy 38-4-9. Hydro energy 38-5. Conservation of natural resources 38-6. Population 38-7. Theories of population 38-8. Methods of population forecasts 38-9. Factors affecting estimated population 38-10. Population explosion 38-11. Population growth rate QUESTIONS 38 Chapter 39 MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 39-1. General 39-2. Bioremediation 39-3. Biodiversity 39-4. Gross domestic product and quality of life 39-5. Cadium poisoning 39-6. Mercury poisoning 39-7. Trace metal poisoning 39-8. Eutrophication (water pollution) 39-9. Land pollution 39-10. Oil pollution 39-11. Thermal pollution and cooling tower 39-12. Half-life (radioactive pollution) 39-13. Fertilizers 39-14. Pesticides 39-15. Tragedy of commons QUESTIONS 39 Chapter 40 ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION 40-1. General 40-2. Prevalent environmental acts 40-3. Pollution Control Policy 40-4. Forests and Environment Department 40-5. Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) 40-6. Gujarat Environmental Management Institute (GEMI) 40-7. Gujarat Ecology Commission (GEC) 40-8. Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE) QUESTIONS 40 Appendix A TYPICAL DESIGN OF A SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT Appendix B TERMINOLOGY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Download (560.22k)