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CONSTRUCTION OF STRUCTURES AND MANAGEMENT OF WORKS

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Length170 mm
Thickness13 mm
Height240 mm
Weight360 gm
AuthorRangwala
Pages280 + 16 = 296
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789380358499
SizeCrown
Edition5th
Year 2012

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CONSTRUCTION OF Structures AND MANAGEMENT OF WORKSRangwalaEdition : 5th Edition : 2012 ISBN : 9789380358499 Size : 170 mm × 240 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 280 + 16 = 296` 185.00ABOUT THE BOOKModern construction activities involves complex processes which requires knowledge of both construction and management. For this, engineers and technicians with managerial qualities are highly essential. This text-book will be helpful to the reader to be conversant with the elementary principles about construction management and organization; economic activities associated with the construction industry as a whole. The entire subject matter is systematically arranged in a lucid manner, easy-to-follow style and in chapters like: Introduction; CPM and PERT; Construction of Dam; Construction of Multi-Storeyed Buildings; Erection of Steel Structures; Tunnelling; Compressed Air; Construction Equipments; Construction Accidents; Management and Organization; Construction Labour; Construction Materials; Economic Analysis; Miscellaneous Topics; etc. Now, the topics of the subject are covered in 14 well-arranged chapters and therein, it contains: * 104 Self-explanatory and neat diagrams * 56 Solved problems * 81 Useful tables * 248 University-type questions at the end of each chapter. It is hoped that the books will satisfy the needs of the civil Engineering students preparing for the Degree examinations of almost all the Indian Universities, Diploma examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E, U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S and other similar competitive and professional Examinations. It should also be of an immense help to the practising Civil Engineers.CONTENT1 : INTRODUCTION 2 : CPM AND PERT 3 : CONSTRUCTION OF DAM 4 : CONSTRUCTION OF MULTI-STOREYED BUILDINGS 5 : ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES 6 : TUNNELLING 7 : COMPRESSED AIR 8 : CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS 9 : CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS 10 : MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION 11 : CONSTRUCTION LABOUR 12 : CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 13 : ECONOMIC ANALYSIS 14 : Miscellaneous TOPICS bibliography indexCONSTRUCTION OF STRUCTURES AND MANAGEMENT OF WORKS Detailed ContentsCONSTRUCTION OF STRUCTURES AND MANAGEMENT OF WORKS Detailed ContentsChapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1. General 1-2. Need for construction management (1) Co-ordination between different agencies (2) Development of manpower and machinery (3) Economy in construction (4) Speed of construction (5) Quality control of materials and workmanship 1-3. Scope of construction management 1-4. Aspect of construction management 1-5. Job layout (1) General principles (2) Factors governing the layout of a construction project (3) Advantages of job layout 1-6. Engineer and construction economy 1-7. Contractor and construction economy 1-8. Construction cost (1) Major factors, (2) Minor factors 1-9. Cost control records (1) Material-cost record (2) Material-cost statement (3) Labour-cost record (4) Labour-cost statement (5) Time keeper field sheet (6) Payroll record 1-10. Financing the project 1-11. Cost index or price index (1) General (2) Procedure of preparing the cost index or price index (3) Uses of cost index (4) Drawbacks of cost index 1-12. Construction operations 1-13. Stages in construction (1) Pre-tender stage (2) Post-tender stage 1-14. Planning the project (1) Construction schedule (2) Material schedule (3) Equipment use schedule (4) Labour schedule 1-15. Project Management Triangle (1) General, (2) Time (3) Cost, (4) Scope 1-16. Project management activities 1-17. Construction cost control 1-18. Project supervision 1-19. Project control 1-20. Project evaluation 1-21. Construction camp (1) Environmental conditions (2) Physiological limitations QUESTIONS 1 Chapter 2 CPM AND PERT 2-1. General 2-2. Network analysis 2-3. Features of network planning 2-4. Rules for network diagram 2-5. Procedure for CPM (1) Project breakdown (2) Network diagram (3) Utility data with respect to time and cost (4) Determination of critical path (5) Activity times and floats (6) Scheduling 2-6. Advantages of CPM 2-7. Uses of CPM 2-8. Application of CPM in project management 2-9. CPM for determining extension of time 2-10. Difficulties in implementation of the CPM (1) Lack of knowledge of the subject (2) Literature on the subject (3) Unwillingness of contractors 2-11. Project cost (1) Indirect cost, (2) Direct cost 2-12. Cost-time optimization 2-13. Cost slope 2-14. Optimization by crashing 2-15. Updating an arrow diagram 2-16. Time–grid diagram method Utility of the Time-grid diagram method Advantages of the Time-grid diagram 2-17. Programme Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) 2-18. Terminology Used in PERT (1) A PERT event (2) A predecessor event (3) A successor event (4) A PERT activity (5) Critical Path, (6) Critical Activity (7) Lead time, (8) Lag time (9) Slack, (10) Fast tracking (11) Crashing critical path (12) Total Float, (13) Free float (14) Optimistic time or best time (T1) (15) Most likely time or probable time (T2) (16) Pessimistic time or worst time (T3) (17) Expected time (Te) Aspects of the probability curve 2-19. Percentage of probability 2-20. Implementing PERT 2-21. PERT network scheduling 2-22. Slacks of events 2-23. Negative slack and negative float 2-24. Selection of technique 2-25. Bar charts or Gantt charts 2-26. Mile-stone charts 2-27. Resources planning 2-28. Resource allocation 2-29. Resource levelling QUESTIONS 2 Chapter 3 CONSTRUCTION OF DAM 3-1. General 3-2. Types of dams 3-3. Rigid dams or masonry dams (1) Requirements of a good site for a rigid dam (2) Foundations of a rigid dam (3) Advantages of masonry dams as compared to earth dams (4) Disadvantages of masonry dams as compared to earth dams (5) Construction details (6) Uplift and drainage galleries (7) Causes of failure of masonry dams (8) Preventive measures (9) Types of masonry dams (10) Comparison of different types of rigid dams 3-4. Non-rigid dams or earth dams (1) Types of earth dams (2) Theory of earthwork (3) Foundation of an earth dam (4) Section of an earth dam (5) Drainage of earth dam (6) Precautions during construction of drains (7) Performance of drains (8) Closure of dam (9) Materials for earth dam construction (10) Equipments for earth dam (11) Method of construction of earth dam (12) Density control of earth fill (13) Post construction inspection (14) Protection of upstream slope (15) Stability of soils (16) Causes of failure of an earth dam (17) Advantages of non-rigid or earth dams 3-5. Miscellaneous dams (1) Composite dams (2) Compound dams (3) Hydraulic fill dams (4) Rock fill dams (5) Steel dams, (6) Timber dams QUESTIONS 3 Chapter 4 CONSTRUCTION OF MULTI-STOREYED BUILDINGS 4-1. General (1) Advantages, (2) Disadvantages 4-2. Trends in multi-storeyed buildings 4-3. Essential amenities 4-4. Framed structures (1) General (2) Advantages of framed structures 4-5. Placing concrete in cold weather (1) Curing (2) Formwork (3) Protection (4) Temperature (5) Water-cement ratio 4-6. Placing concrete in hot weather (1) Addition of chemicals (2) Cooling of materials (3) Deposition of concrete (4) Protection after placing (5) Watering formwork 4-7. Points to be observed while supervising R.C.C. work (1) Cement (2) Fine aggregate (3) Coarse aggregate (4) Water (5) Proportion (6) Reinforcement (7) Centering (8) Mixing (9) Transporting and placing (10) Consolidation (11) Curing (12) Finishing 4-8. Quality control of concrete 4-9. Repairs and maintenance of concrete structure (1) Dry pack method (2) Concrete replacement (3) Mortar replacement by guniting (4) Epoxy mortars 4-10. Preparation of concrete surface for repairs 4-11. Horizontal expansion and vertical expansion 4-12. Problems of tall buildings (1) Earthquake effect (2) Fire protection (3) Lifts (4) Living (5) Noise control (6) Services (7) Wind effect 4-13. Precautions to be taken during the construction of multi-storeyed buildings (1) Road with heavy traffic (2) Safety of adjoining properties (3) Working in restricted space QUESTIONS 4 Chapter 5 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES 5-1. General 5-2. Equipments required for erection of steel structures 5-3. Joints (1) Riveted joints (2) Bolted joints, (3) Welded joints Types of resistance welding Strength of welded joints Defects of welded joints Checking of welded joints 5-4. Cost of erection of steel structures 5-5. Erection procedures of steel structures (1) Factory shed (2) Multi-storeyed building (3) Water tank towers (4) Portal frames, (5) Bins and silos (6) Steel girders for bridges 5-6. Safety rules during erection of steel structures QUESTIONS 5 Chapter 6 TUNNELLING 6-1. Definition 6-2. Advantages of tunnelling 6-3. Economics of tunnelling 6-4. Selection of route (1) Geological conditions (2) Right of way 6-5. Tunnel surveying 6-6. Tunnelling through rock (1) Full face method (2) Heading and bench method (3) Cantilever car dump method (4) Drift system (5) Pilot tunnel method 6-7. Tunnelling through soft ground (1) Forepoling method (2) Needle beam method (3) Five-piece set method (4) Liner plates method (5) Other methods 6-8. Methods of tunnelling through sub-aqueous strata (1) Shield tunnelling (2) Plenum process or compressed air tunnelling 6-9. Drainage of tunnels (1) Sumps and pumps (2) Grouting, (3) Pilot tunnel 6-10. Ventilation of tunnels 6-11. Lighting 6-12. Shafts (1) Drilling, (2) Raising (3) Gloryholing 6-13. Mucking (1) Manual labour, (2) Power shovels (3) Mucking machines (4) Tractor loaders 6-14. Hauling 6-15. Lining of tunnels 6-16. Size and shape of tunnels QUESTIONS 6 Chapter 7 COMPRESSED AIR 7-1. General 7-2. Uses of compressed air 7-3. Some definitions (1) Absolute pressure (2) Gauge pressure (3) Air compressor (4) Compression ratio (5) Compressor efficiency (6) Volumetric efficiency (7) Isothermal compression (8) Adiabatic compression (9) Absolute temperature (10) Load factor (11) Diversity factor, (12) Aftercooler (13) Intercooler, (14) Inlet pressure (15) Discharge pressure (16) Theoretical H.P., (17) Brake H.P. 7-4. Gas laws 7-5. Size of pipes 7-6. Cost of compressed air 7-7. Compressed air plant (1) Air pressure, (2) Capacity (3) Flexibility, (4) Layout (5) Number, (6) Receivers (7) Type of installation QUESTIONS 7 Chapter 8 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS 8-1. General 8-2. Classification of equipments (1) Intermittent type (2) Continuous flow type (3) Mixed type 8-3. Selection of equipments 8-4. Standard equipments (1) Initial investment (2) Purchase period (3) Reliability in operation (4) Repairs (5) Resale value (6) Use 8-5. Special equipments 8-6. Owning and operating Cost of equipment (1) Depreciation (2) Investment charges (3) Maintenance and repairs (4) Operation cost 8-7. Economic life of construction equipments (1) Depreciation (2) Downtime (3) Inadequacy (4) Normal deterioration (5) Obsolescence (6) Working method 8-8. Sources of equipments (1) Direct purchase (2) Hiring 8-9. Various types of construction equipments 8-10. Excavating equipments (1) Tractor (2) Bulldozer and angle-dozers (3) Grader (4) Scraper (5) Excavators (6) Dredgers (7) Ripper or rooter or scarifier (8) Trencher or ditcher 8-11. Earth compaction equipments (1) Rollers (2) Vibratory compactors (3) Earth rammers (4) Jetting and pounding 8-12. Hauling equipments (1) Trucks (2) Tractors (3) Dump Trucks (4) Dumpers (5) Trailers (6) Elevators and conveyors 8-13. Hoisting equipments (1) Cranes (2) Cableways (3) Gantries (4) Gin poles (5) Hoists (6) Pulley blocks (7) Winches 8-14. Conveying equipments (1) Belt conveyors (2) Ropeways 8-15. Pumping equipments (1) Air lift pumps (2) Centrifugal pumps (3) Displacement pumps (4) Miscellaneous pumps 8-16. Concrete construction equipments (1) Concrete buckets (2) Concrete mixers 8-17. Drilling equipments (1) Selection of drilling equipment (2) Selection of drilling pattern (3) Drilling rate (4) Types of drills (5) Drill bits (6) Laser drilling 8-18. Road making equipments QUESTIONS 8 Chapter 9 CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS 9-1. General 9-2. Causes of construction accidents (1) Control of men, equipment and materials (2) Failure of temporary structures (3) Inherent engineering hazards (4) Personal hazards 9-3. Classification of construction accidents (1) According to the cause of occurrence (2) According to the nature of injury sustained (3) According to the severity of injury 9-4. Injury-frequency rate 9-5. Injury-severity rate 9-6. Injury-index 9-7. Equivalent time charge 9-8. Compensation insurance 9-9. Accident costs (1) Tangible costs (2) Intangible costs 9-10. Safety programme 9-11. Rules for preventing construction failures QUESTIONS 9 Chapter 10 MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION 10-1. General (1) Commerce, (2) Industry (3) Private services 10-2. Functions of management (1) Co-ordination of factors of production (2) Innovation, (3) Marketing (4) Method of production (5) Organization, (6) Risk-taking (7) Selection of business (8) Supervision 10-3. Qualities of a good enterpreneur 10-4. Manager 10-5. Characteristics of a good manager (1) Marketing skill (2) Technical skill, (3) Human skill 10-6. Qualifications of an administrator 10-7. Conditions essential for carrying on business (1) Free and competitive market (2) Mobile labour force (3) Reasonable stability 10-8. Meaning of organization 10-9. Forms of business organization (1) Sole proprietorship (2) Partnership business (3) Joint stock company (4) Co-operative society (5) State enterprise 10-10. Principles of organization (1) Control at all levels (2) Co-ordination between different departments (3) Delegation of authority (4) Flexibility in job assignment (5) Instructions to workers (6) Planning of job (7) Relationship between executive and workers 10-11. Systems of staff organization (1) Line system (2) Line and staff system (3) Functional system 10-12. Organization of a construction company 10-13. Office management 10-14. Personnel management (1) Functional activities (2) Service functions (3) Staff functions (4) Welfare activities 10-15. Office discipline (1) Control (2) Co-ordination (3) Self-restraint 10-16. Levels of management (1) Top management (2) Middle management (3) Lower management 10-17. Functions of construction management (1) Planning, (2) Organizing (3) Staffing, (4) Directing (5) Controlling QUESTIONS 10 Chapter 11 CONSTRUCTION LABOUR 11-1. General 11-2. Immobility of labour (1) Difficulty of acquiring knowledge (2) Leaving accustomed surroundings (3) Reluctance to enter certain occupations 11-3. Theories of wages (1) Subsistence theory of wages (2) Wages-fund theory of wages (3) Bargaining theory of wages 11-4. Nominal wages and real wages 11-5. Psychic income 11-6. Systems of wage payments (1) Time wage system (2) Piece wage system 11-7. Incentive plans (1) Halsey plan, (2) Rowan plan (3) Taylor’s differential piece wage plan (4) Merrick differential or multiple piece rate plan (5) Emerson’s efficiency plan (6) Gantt’s task and bonus plan (7) Bedeaux point premium plan (8) Hayne’s plan (9) Priestman bonus system (10) Barth variable sharing plan (11) Group incentive plans 11-8. Payment by result (1) Differential piece rate (2) Group bonus system (3) Piece rate with a guaranteed time wage (4) Premium bonus plans (5) Straight piece-rate 11-9. Profit-sharing (1) Procedure (2) Advantages (3) Disadvantages 11-10. Morale (1) Interviews, (2) Opinion survey 11-11. Trade unions (1) Functions, (2) Advantages (3) Disadvantages (4) Trade union and wages 11-12. Labour welfare 11-13. Indian labour (1) Absentism, (2) Factory conditions (3) Housing, (4) Indebtness (5) Migrating character (6) Standard of living (7) Wages, (8) Working hours QUESTIONS 11 Chapter 12 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 12-1. General 12-2. Types of materials 12-3. Storage of materials (1) Cement, (2) Formwork (3) Inflammable materials (4) Plant and machinery (5) Ready articles, (6) Steel 12-4. Stores (1) Divisions (2) Internal transport (3) Layout (4) Location (5) Material chart (6) Sectionalisation (7) Storage of materials (8) Storage of tools and forms (9) Usual facilities (10) Valuable articles 12-5. Purchasing department (1) Co-operation with other departments (2) Market trends, (3) Organization (4) Procedure for purchasing (5) Records 12-6. Store keeping (1) Accounting, (2) Checking (3) Golden rule, (4) Issuing materials (5) Maxima and minima (6) Surplus materials (7) Tools and forms 12-7. Stock control (1) ABC analysis, (2) VED analysis 12-8. Stages of material management (1) Register of reputed suppliers (2) Quantities of materials (3) Preparing the supply schedule (4) Attaching priorities (5) Initiating purchase formalities (6) Placing of orders, (7) Inspection (8) Acceptance and issue (9) Use of network schedule 12-9. Inventory control 12-10. Disposal of surplus materials QUESTIONS 12 Chapter 13 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS 13-1. General 13-2. Tools of management control (1) Budgetary control (2) Cost control, (3) Modern methods 13-3. Economics of engineering structures 13-4. Financial analysis (1) Annual cost method (2) Benefit cost ratio method (3) Present worth method (4) Rate of return method QUESTIONS 13 Chapter 14 MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS 14-1. General 14-2. Blasting (1) Definition (2) Materials for blasting (3) Firing charges (4) Vertical and slanted blastholes (5) Precautions in blasting 14-3. Crushed-stone aggregate (1) Crushers, (2) Screens 14-4. Foundation grouting (1) Purposes of grouting (2) Necessity of grouting (3) Quantity of grout (4) Materials for grouting (5) Procedure for grouting 14-5. Inflation and deflation (1) Inflation, (2) Deflation 14-6. Operation research 14-7. Rolling resistance Coefficient of traction 14-8. Slip-form construction 14-9. Stone quarrying (1) Definition, (2) Site for quarry (3) Important considerations (4) Methods of quarrying 14-10. Work study (1) Method study (2) Work measurement or time and motion studies QUESTIONS 14

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