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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

BC_9789385039041

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Length170 mm
Thickness35 mm
Height235 mm
Weight920 gm
AuthorRangwala
Pages760 + 16 = 776
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789385039041
SizeCrown
Edition33rd
Year 2017

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Building_Construction

BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONRangwalaEdition : 33rd Edition : 2017 (Second Reprint) ISBN : 9789385039041 Size : 170 mm × 235 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 760 + 16 = 776` 350.00ABOUT THE BOOKThis well-known text-book provides an up-to-date account of the basic knowledge of Building Construction. The subject matter is expressed in a simple language and practical manner. The treatment is clear, methodical as well as interesting and easy to follow. The entire subject matter is systematically arranged in the chapters like: Introduction; Functional Planning of Buildings; Important Building Components; Site Investigation and Ground Techniques; Foundations; Deep Excavations; Deep Foundations (Pile Foundations); Cofferdams; Caissons; Stone Masonry; Brick Masonry; Structures in Brickwork; Partitions; Scaffolding, Shoring and Underpinning; Damp-proofing, Water-proofing and Termite-proofing; Cement Concrete Construction; Arches; Lintels; Stairs; Formwork; Doors, Windows and Ventilators; Carpentry and Joinery; Floors and Flooring; Roofs; Pointing and Plastering; Painting, Varnishing and Distempering etc.; Structural Steelwork; Acoustics; Fire Protection in Buildings; Ventilation and Air-conditioning; Construction Equipments; CPM and PERT. Part 1 and Part 2 of this book is merged and all the chapters are rearranged to maintain continuity. The chapters Introduction, Functional Planning of Buildings and Important Building Components are totally new and are included as per new syllabus. Also chapter of Site investigation and ground techniques is separated from the chapter of Foundation. In the chapter of Construction Equipments, almost all the types of construction equipments and machineries which are normally used in civil engineering projects have been included. A few new problems on CPM and PERT are also added. The book in its 32 chapters now contains: * 860 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches * 115 Useful tables * 60 Solved problems * 575 Questions at the ends of all the chapters. The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Engineering students preparing for the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It is also useful for the preparation of NATA (National Aptitude Test for Architecture), CEPT (Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology), SBST (School of Building Science and Technology), SID (School of Interior Design), AIEEE (Architecture), etc. It should also prove of interest to the practising professionals.CONTENTThis well-known text-book provides an up-to-date account of the basic knowledge of Building Construction. The subject matter is expressed in a simple language and practical manner. The treatment is clear, methodical as well as interesting and easy to follow. The entire subject matter is systematically arranged in the chapters like: Introduction; Functional Planning of Buildings; Important Building Components; Site Investigation and Ground Techniques; Foundations; Deep Excavations; Deep Foundations (Pile Foundations); Cofferdams; Caissons; Stone Masonry; Brick Masonry; Structures in Brickwork; Partitions; Scaffolding, Shoring and Underpinning; Damp-proofing, Water-proofing and Termite-proofing; Cement Concrete Construction; Arches; Lintels; Stairs; Formwork; Doors, Windows and Ventilators; Carpentry and Joinery; Floors and Flooring; Roofs; Pointing and Plastering; Painting, Varnishing and Distempering etc.; Structural Steelwork; Acoustics; Fire Protection in Buildings; Ventilation and Air-conditioning; Construction Equipments; CPM and PERT. Part 1 and Part 2 of this book is merged and all the chapters are rearranged to maintain continuity. The chapters Introduction, Functional Planning of Buildings and Important Building Components are totally new and are included as per new syllabus. Also chapter of Site investigation and ground techniques is separated from the chapter of Foundation. In the chapter of Construction Equipments, almost all the types of construction equipments and machineries which are normally used in civil engineering projects have been included. A few new problems on CPM and PERT are also added. The book in its 32 chapters now contains: * 860 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches * 115 Useful tables * 60 Solved problems * 575 Questions at the ends of all the chapters. The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Engineering students preparing for the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It is also useful for the preparation of NATA (National Aptitude Test for Architecture), CEPT (Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology), SBST (School of Building Science and Technology), SID (School of Interior Design), AIEEE (Architecture), etc. It should also prove of interest to the practising professionals.BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Detailed ContentsChapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1. General 1-2. Types of buildings 1-2-1. Group A: Residential buildings 1-2-2. Group B: Educational buildings 1-2-3. Group C: Institutional buildings 1-2-4. Group D: Assembly buildings 1-2-5. Group E: Business buildings 1-2-6. Group F: Mercantile buildings 1-2-7. Group G: Industrial buildings 1-2-8. Group H: Storage buildings 1-2-9. Group I: Hazardous buildings 1-3. Structural system of building 1-4. Comparison of load bearing structure with framed structure 1-5. Loads on foundations Questions 1 Chapter 2 Functional Planning of Buildings 2-1. General 2-2. Principles of Site Selection 2-3. Site Plan 2-4. Planning regulations and bye-laws 2-5. Principles of planning 2-6. Modern architecture 2-7. Main considerations of architectural design 2-7-1. Bye-laws of the locality 2-7-2. Climate and its effects 2-7-3. Materials and methods of construction 2-7-4. People and their requirements 2-8. Orientation 2-9. Essential factors of planning Questions 2 Chapter 3 IMPORTANT BUILDINGS COMPONENTS 3-1. General 3-2. Basic functional requirements of a building 3-3. Important Building Components Questions 3 Chapter 4 SITE INVESTIGATION AND GROUND TECHNIQUES 4-1. General 4-2. Depth of exploration 4-3. Methods of site exploration 4-4. Choice of the method 4-5. Bearing Capacity of soil 4-6. Methods for determining the bearing capacity of soil 4-7. Increasing the bearing capacity of soil Questions 4 Chapter 5 FOUNDATIONS 5-1. General 5-2. Objects of foundations 5-3. Essential requirements of a good foundation 5-4. Shallow foundations 5-5. Design of shallow foundations 5-6. Special foundations 5-7. Eccentric loading on foundation 5-8. Combined footing 5-9. Cantilever footing 5-10. Continuous footing 5-11. Foundations of black cotton soil 5-12. Stepped foundations 5-13. Foundations on reclaimed soil or made-up ground 5-14. Foundations on cavities and old wells 5-15. Foundations near existing adjacent old structures 5-16. Foundations for machines 5-17. Causes of failure of foundations and Preventive measures 5-18. Method of setting out the foundation trenches Questions 5 Chapter 6 DEEP EXCAVATIONS 6-1. Definition 6-2. Problems of deep excavations 6-3. Some terms in timbering 6-4. Methods of timbering 6-5. Precautions to be taken during timbering 6-6. Dewatering of the foundation trenches Questions 6 Chapter 7 DEEP FOUNDATIONS (PILE FOUNDATIONS) 7-1. General 7-2. Uses of piles 7-3. Types of piles 7-4. Load bearing piles 7-5. Materials used in construction of load bearing piles 7-6. Cast-iron piles 7-7. Cement concrete piles 7-7-1. Cast-in-situ concrete piles 7-7-2. Pre-cast concrete piles 7-8. Sand piles 7-9. Steel piles 7-10. Timber piles 7-11. Wrought-iron piles 7-12. Non-load bearing piles 7-13. Choice of type of pile 7-14. Composite piles 7-15. Screw piles 7-16. Pile spacing 7-17. Group of piles 7-18. Efficiency of group of piles 7-19. Pile cap and pile shoe 7-20. Load tests on piles 7-21. Pile driving 7-21-1. Pile frames 7-21-2. Pile hammers 7-21-3. Leads 7-21-4. Winches 7-21-5. Miscellaneous 7-22. Pulling of piles 7-23. Loads on piles 7-24. Causes of failures of piles 7-25. Pile driving formulas 7-26. Typical problems using pile driving formulas Questions 7 Chapter 8 COFFERDAMS 8-1. General 8-2. Uses of cofferdams 8-3. Types of cofferdams 8-3-1. Dikes 8-3-2. Single wall cofferdams 8-3-3. Double wall cofferdams 8-3-4. Cellular cofferdams 8-3-5. Rock-filled crib cofferdams 8-3-6. Concrete cofferdams 8-3-7. Suspended cofferdams 8-4. Prevention of leakage in cofferdams 8-5. Puddle for cofferdam 8-6. Factors affecting design of a cofferdam Questions 8 Chapter 9 CAISSONS 9-1. General 9-2. Uses of caissons 9-3. Cofferdam and caisson 9-4. Materials used for the construction of caissons 9-5. Classification of caissons 9-6. Box caissons 9-7. Wells 9-8. Pneumatic caissons 9-9. Construction of a pneumatic caisson 9-10. Pneumatic caisson sickness 9-11. Drilled caissons 9-12. Methods of construction of drilled caisson 9-13. Precautions during construction of drilled caisson 9-14. Loads on caisson 9-15. Floating of caissons 9-16. Cutting edges 9-17. Factors affecting the choice of a cutting edge 9-18. Skin friction 9-19. Sand blowing 9-20. Methods to facilitate the sinking of caissons 9-21. Tilting of caissons Questions 9 Chapter 10 STONE MASONRY 10-1. Definition 10-2. Materials required for stone masonry 10-3. Some definitions 10-4. Joints in stone masonry 10-5. Classification of stone masonry 10-6. Safe permissible loads on stone masonry 10-7. Tools used in stone masonry 10-8. Dressing of stone surfaces 10-9. Appliances for lifting stones 10-10. Points to be observed while supervising the stonework Questions 10 Chapter 11 BRICK MASONRY 11-1. General 11-2. Size and weight of bricks 11-3. Some definitions 11-4. Types of brick masonry 11-5. Safe permissible loads on brick masonry 11-6. Tools used in brick masonry 11-7. Bonds in brickwork 11-8. Bonds at connections 11-9. Thickness of walls in brickwork 11-10. Supervision of the brickwork 11-11. Defects in brick masonry 11-12. Cracking in brick masonry walls 11-13. Comparison of brickwork and stonework 11-14. Composite masonry Questions 11 Chapter 12 STRUCTURES IN BRICKWORK 12-1. General 12-2. Brick Footings 12-3. Piers 12-4. Buttresses 12-5. Retaining walls and breast walls 12-6. Thresholds 12-7. Window sills 12-8. Jambs 12-9. Corbels 12-10. Copings 12-11. Ornamental brickwork 12-12. Circular brickwork 12-13. Fireplaces and flues 12-14. Tall chimneys 12-15. Cavity walls 12-15-1. Reasons of providing a cavity or a hollow space in a wall 12-15-2. Details of construction 12-15-3. Features of a cavity wall 12-16. Reinforced brickwork Questions 12 Chapter 13 Partitions 13-1. Definition 13-2. Requirements of partition walls 13-3. Types of partitions 13-3-1. Brick partitions 13-3-2. Clay block partitions 13-3-3. Concrete partitions 13-3-4. Glass partitions 13-3-5. Timber partitions 13-3-6. Metal partitions 13-3-7. Plaster slab partitions 13-3-8. Asbestos cement sheet partitions 13-3-9. Wood wool slab partitions 13-3-10. Strawboard partitions Questions 13 Chapter 14 SCAFFOLDING, SHORING AND UNDERPINNING 14-1. General 14-2. Scaffolding 14-3. Component parts of a scaffolding 14-4. Types of scaffolding 14-5. Points to be attended to in scaffolding 14-6. Shoring 14-7. Types of shoring 14-8. Underpinning 14-9. Points to be attended to before underpinning 14-10. Methods of underpinning 14-10-1. Pit method 14-10-2. Pile method 14-10-3. Miscellaneous methods Questions 14 Chapter 15 DAMP-PROOFING, WATER-PROOFING AND TERMITE-PROOFING 15-1. General 15-2. Damp-proofing 15-2-1. Causes of dampness 15-2-2. Effects of dampness 15-2-3. Requirements of an ideal material for damp-proofing 15-2-4. Materials used for damp-proofing 15-2-5. General principles of damp-proofing 15-2-6. Methods of damp-proofing 15-3. Water-leakage 15-3-1. Reasons and preventive measures for water leakage 15-3-2. Water-proofing of flat roofs 15-4. Termite-proofing 15-4-1. Types of termites 15-4-2. General principles of termite-proofing 15-4-3. Methods of termite-proofing 15-5. Summary Questions 15 Chapter 16 CEMENT CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 16-1. Definition 16-2. Properties of cement concrete 16-3. Materials used in R.C.C. work 16-4. Corrosion of steel in concrete 16-5. Sea water for making concrete 16-6. Proportioning concrete 16-7. Grading of aggregates 16-8. Water-cement ratio 16-9. Workability 16-10. Estimating yield of concrete 16-11. Bulking of sand 16-12. Mixing the materials of concrete 16-13. Transporting and placing of concrete 16-14. Consolidation of concrete 16-15. Curing of concrete 16-16. Coloured concrete 16-17. Lightweight concrete 16-18. No-fines concrete 16-19. Joints in concrete structures 16-20. Guniting 16-21. Formwork 16-22. Placing concrete under water 16-23. Placing concrete in cold weather 16-24. Placing concrete in hot weather 16-25. Pre-cast concrete 16-26. Ready-mix concrete 16-27. Transit-mix concrete 16-28. Framed structures 16-29. Supervision of R.C.C. work 16-30. Concrete floor cracks 16-31. Quality control of concrete Questions 16 Chapter 17 ARCHES 17-1. General 17-2. Definition 17-3. Technical terms 17-4. Types of arches 17-4-1. Classification of arches according to shape 17-4-2. Classification of arches according to number of centres 17-4-3. Classification of arches according to workmanship 17-4-4. Classification of arches according to materials of construction 17-5. Stability of an arch 17-6. Centering for arches Questions 17 Chapter 18 LINTELS 18-1. Definition 18-2. Materials for lintels Questions 18 Chapter 19 STAIRS 19-1. General 19-2. Technical terms 19-3. Ramps 19-4. Types of stairs 19-5. Moving stairs (Escalators) 19-6. Stairs of different materials 19-7. Requirements of a good stair Questions 19 Chapter 20 FORMWORK 20-1. General 20-2. Requirements of formwork 20-3. Cost of formwork 20-4. Materials used for preparing formwork 20-5. Formwork for column footings 20-6. Formwork for columns 20-7. Formwork for floors 20-8. Formwork for walls 20-9. Formwork for stairs 20-10. Form linings 20-11. Slip forms 20-12. Removal of formwork 20-13. Centering for big arches 20-14. Types of centering 20-15. Formwork for domes 20-16. Failure of formwork 20-17. Maintenance of formwork Questions 20 Chapter 21 DOORS, WINDOWS and ventilators 21-1. General 21-2. Important considerations for doors and windows 21-3. Technical terms 21-4. Types of doors 21-5. Types of windows 21-6. Ventilators 21-7. Mosquito-proofing 21-8. Fixtures and fastenings for doors and windows Questions 21 Chapter 22 CARPENTRY AND JOINERY 22-1. Meaning of the terms 22-2. Technical terms in carpentry 22-3. Principles governing the construction of joints 22-4. Classification of joints 22-4-1. Lengthening joints 22-4-2. Widening joints 22-4-3. Angle joints 22-4-4. Oblique-shouldered joints 22-4-5. Bearing joints 22-4-6. Framing joints 22-5. Fastenings 22-6. Tools used in carpentry Questions 22 Chapter 23 FLOORS AND FLOORING 23-1. Definitions 23-2. Types of floors 23-2-1. Timber floors 23-2-2. Composite floors 23-3. Types of floorings 23-4. Factors affecting choice of flooring material 23-5. Materials used for flooring Questions 23 Chapter 24 ROOFS 24-1. General 24-2. Requirements of a good roof 24-3. Classification of roofs 24-4. Pitched or sloping roofs 24-5. Types of pitched roofs 24-6. Advantages of steel trusses over the timber trusses 24-7. Roof coverings for pitched roofs 24-8. Ventilators in pitched roofs 24-9. Methods to secure pitched roofs against uplift 24-10. Flat or terraced roofs 24-11. Curved roofs 24-12. Drainage of pitched and flat roofs Questions 24 Chapter 25 POINTING AND PLASTERING 25-1. General 25-2. Objects of pointing and plastering 25-3. Pointing 25-4. Plastering 25-5. External finishes 25-6. Special materials for plastered surfaces 25-7. Fibrous plaster boards 25-8. Colour pigments for plaster Questions 25 Chapter 26 PAINTING, VARNISHING AND DISTEMPERING, ETC. 26-1. General 26-2. Painting 26-2-1. Characteristics of an ideal paint 26-2-2. Pigment volume concentration number (P.V.C.N.) 26-2-3. Ingredients of an oil borne paint 26-2-4. Types of paints 26-2-5. Notes for guidance in the process of painting 26-2-6. Painting on different surfaces 26-2-7. Failure of paint 26-2-8. Defects in painting 26-3. Varnishing 26-3-1. Characteristics of an ideal varnish 26-3-2. Ingredients of a varnish 26-3-3. Types of varnishes 26-3-4. Process of varnishing 26-4. Distempering 26-4-1. Properties of distempers 26-4-2. Ingredients of a distemper 26-4-3. Process of distempering 26-5. Wall paper 26-6. Whitewashing 26-7. Colourwashing Questions 26 Chapter 27 STRUCTURAL STEELWORK 27-1. General 27-2. Rolled steel shapes 27-3. Built-up sections 27-4. Connections in steelwork Questions 27 Chapter 28 ACOUSTICS 28-1. General 28-2. Velocity of sound 28-3. Frequency & intensity of sound 28-4. Timbre 28-5. Measurement of sound 28-5-1. Influence of environment 28-5-2. Measurement report 28-6. Sound in enclosures 28-7. Reflection of sound 28-8. Defects due to reflected sound 28-9. Absorption of sound 28-10. Sabin’s equation 28-11. Absorbent materials 28-12. Types of absorbent materials 28-13. Conditions for good acoustics of an auditorium or a hall 28-14. Factors to be considered in the acoustic design of an auditorium 28-15. Defects in an auditorium and their remedies 28-16. Acoustics of studios 28-17. Noise and its effects 28-18. Noise mapping 28-19. Types of noises 28-20. Transmission of noise 28-21. Sound insulation 28-22. Transmission loss 28-23. Acceptable noise levels 28-24. Methods of sound insulation 28-24-1. When source of noise is in the room itself 28-24-2. When noise is air-borne 28-24-3. When noise is structure-borne Questions 28 Chapter 29 FIRE PROTECTION IN BUILDINGS 29-1. General 29-2. Causes and effects of fire 29-3. Fire hazards 29-4. Fire-load 29-5. Limiting fire spread 29-6. Grading of structural elements and buildings 29-7. Characteristics of fire-resisting material 29-8. Fire-resisting properties of common building materials 29-9. General rules for fire-resisting buildings 29-10. Fire protection systems 29-11. Strong-room construction 29-12. General rules for earthquake resistant buildings 29-13. Thermal insulation of buildings 29-14. Thermal insulation of exposed doors and windows 29-15. Thermal insulation of exposed roofs 29-16. Thermal insulation of exposed walls Questions 29 Chapter 30 VENTILATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING 30-1. Necessity of ventilation 30-2. Factors affecting ventilation 30-3. Requirements of a good ventilating system 30-4. Types of ventilation 30-5. Air-conditioning 30-5-1. Definition of Air-conditioning 30-5-2. Purposes of Air-conditioning 30-5-3. Filters for Air-conditioning 30-5-4. Heating 30-5-5. Cooling 30-5-6. Humidification 30-5-7. Dehumidification 30-5-8. Summer air-conditioning 30-5-9. Winter air-conditioning 30-5-10. Air distribution 30-5-11. Systems of air-conditioning Questions 30 Chapter 31 construction equipments 31-1. General 31-2. Classification of equipments 31-3. Selection of equipments 31-4. Standard equipments 31-5. Special equipments 31-6. Owning and operating cost of equipment 31-7. Economic life of construction equipments 31-8. Sources of equipments 31-9. Various types of construction equipments 31-10. Excavating equipments 31-11. Earth compaction equipments 31-12. Hauling equipments 31-13. Hoisting equipments 31-14. Conveying equipments 31-15. Pumping equipments 31-16. Concrete construction equipments 31-17. Drilling equipments 31-18. Road making equipments Questions 31 Chapter 32 CPM AND PERT 32-1. General 32-2. Network analysis 32-3. Features of network planning 32-4. Rules for network diagram 32-5. Procedure for CPM 32-6. Advantages of CPM 32-7. Uses of CPM 32-8. Application of CPM in project management 32-9. CPM for determining extension of time 32-10. Difficulties in implementation of the CPM 32-11. Project cost 32-12. Cost-time optimization 32-13. Cost slope 32-14. Optimization by crashing 32-15. Updating an arrow diagram 32-16. Time–grid diagram method 32-17. Programme Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) 32-18. Terminology Used in PERT 32-19. Percentage of probability 32-20. Implementing PERT 32-21. PERT network scheduling 32-22. Slacks of events 32-23. Negative slack & negative float 32-24. Selection of technique 32-25. Bar charts or Gantt charts 32-26. Mile-stone charts 32-27. Resources planning 32-28. Resource allocation 32-29. Resource levelling Questions 32

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