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ENGINEERING MATERIALS

EM_9789385039171

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Length170 mm
Thickness23 mm
Height240 mm
Weight650 gm
AuthorRangwala
Pages480 + 24 = 504
BindingPaperback
ISBN9789385039171
SizeCrown
Edition43rd
Year 2017

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Engineering_Materials

ENGINEERING MATERIALS[MATERIAL Science]RangwalaEdition : 43rd Edition : 2016 ISBN : 9789385039171 Size : 170 mm × 235 mm Binding : Paperback Pages : 480 + 24 = 504` 200.00ABOUT THE BOOKThis well-known text-book provides an up-to-date account of the basic knowledge of all types of Building Materials or Materials of Construction. The subject matter is expressed in a simple language and practical manner. The treatment is clear, methodical as well as interesting and easy to follow. In the chapters of miscellaneous materials it now contains, detailed information about magnetic materials, composites and nano materials. In the chapter of material science, the periodic table along with a modern periodic table in colour is discussed in depth. The entire subject matter is systematically canvassed in the chapters like: Properties of Engineering Materials, Stones, Clay Products and Refractories, Bricks, Lime, Cement, Mortar, Cement Concrete, Timber, Ferrous Metals, Steel, Non-ferrous Metals and Alloys, Corrosion, Glass, Paints, Varnishes and Distempers, Plastics, Miscellaneous Materials, Material Science of Metals. In Appendix-I, enhanced list of latest B.I.S. codes of important engineering materials is included. Appendix II showing abbreviated terms used in this book are given at the end of the book. The book now contains 141 self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches, 80 useful tables and more than 475 questions at the end of the chapters. The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Engineering students preparing for the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the AMIE, UPSC, GATE, IES and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It is also useful for the preparation of NATA (National Aptitude Test for Architecture), CEPT (Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology), SBST (School of Building Science and Technology), SID (School of Interior Design), AIEEE (Architecture), GTU (Gujarat Technological University) etc. It should also prove of interest to the practising professionals.CONTENT1 : Properties of engineering Materials 2 : Stones 3 : CERAMIC MATERIALS 4 : Bricks 5 : Lime 6 : Cement 7 : Mortar 8 : Cement concrete 9 : Timber 10 : ferrous metals 11 : steel 12 : non-ferrous Metals and Alloys 13 : corrosion 14 : Glass 15 : paints, varnishes and Distempers 16 : Plastics 17 : Miscellaneous Materials 18 : MATERIAL SCIENCE OF METALS Appendix I : B.I.s. Codes for important engineering materials Appendix II : abbreviated Terms used in this book Bibliography indexENGINEERING MATERIALS Detailed ContentsChapter 1 PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS 1-1. General 1-2. Physical properties 1-3. Mechanical properties 1-4. Classification of materials based upon their uses Question 1 Chapter 2 STONES 2-1. General 2-2. Classification of rocks 2-3. Sources of stones 2-4. Rock-forming minerals 2-5. Texture or structure of a rock 2-6. Fracture of a rock 2-7. Uses of stones 2-8. Natural bed of stones 2-9. Tests for stones 2-10. Qualities of a good building stone 2-11. Stone quarrying 2-12. Tools for blasting 2-13. Materials for blasting 2-14. Process of blasting 2-15. Precautions in blasting 2-16. Machines for quarrying 2-17. Dressing of stones 2-18. Deterioration of stones 2-19. Retardation of decay of stones 2-20. Preservation of stones 2-21. Artificial stones 2-22. Common building stones of India Questions 2 Chapter 3 CERAMIC MATERIALS 3-1. Ceramics 3-2. Clay products 3-3. Tiles 3-3-1. Common tiles 3-3-2. Encaustic tiles 3-4. Terra-cotta 3-5. Earthenware 3-6. Stoneware 3-7. Porcelain 3-8. Glazing 3-9. Clay blocks 3-10. Refractories 3-11. Properties of ceramic materials 3-12. Importance of ceramics Questions 3 Chapter 4 BRICKS 4-1. General 4-2. Comparison of brickwork and stonework 4-3. Composition of good brick earth 4-4. Harmful ingredients in brick earth 4-5. Classification of brick earth 4-6. Manufacture of bricks 4-7. Clamps 4-8. Kilns 4-9. Qualities of good bricks 4-10. Comparison between clamp-burning and kiln-burning 4-11. Factors affecting quality of bricks 4-12. Tests for bricks 4-13. Classification of bricks 4-14. Uses of bricks 4-15. Colours of bricks 4-16. Size and weight of bricks 4-17. Shape of bricks 4-18. Fire-clays 4-19. Fire-bricks 4-20. Substitutes for bricks 4-20-1. Concrete blocks 4-20-2. Fly-ash bricks 4-20-3. Sand-lime or calcium silicate bricks Questions 4 Chapter 5 LIME 5-1. General 5-2. Some definitions 5-3. Classification of binding materials 5-4. Sources of lime 5-5. Constituents of limestones 5-6. Classification of limes 5-7. I.S. classifications of lime 5-8. Comparison between fat lime and hydraulic lime 5-9. Manufacture of fat lime 5-10. Manufacture of natural hydraulic lime 5-11. Manufacture of artificial hydraulic lime 5-12. Precautions to be taken in handling lime 5-13. Uses of lime 5-14. Tests for limestones Questions 5 Chapter 6 CEMENT 6-1. General 6-2. Indian cement industry 6-3. Cement and lime 6-4. Characteristics of cement 6-5. Properties of cement 6-6. Composition of ordinary cement 6-7. Functions of cement ingredients 6-8. Harmful constituents of cement 6-9. Setting action of cement 6-10. Site for cement factory 6-11. Manufacture of ordinary cement 6-11-1. Mixing of raw materials 6-11-2. Burning 6-11-3. Grinding 6-12. Packing of cement 6-13. Ball mills and tube mills 6-14. Field tests for cement 6-15. Laboratory tests for cement 6-16. Storage of cement 6-17. Uses of cement 6-18. Varieties of cement 6-19. I.S. specifications of ordinary cement Questions 6 Chapter 7 MORTAR 7-1. General 7-2. Sand 7-3. Natural sources of sand 7-4. Classification of sand 7-5. Bulking of sand 7-6. Properties of good sand 7-7. Function of sand in mortar 7-8. Tests for sand 7-9. Substitutes for sand 7-10. Classification of mortars 7-11. Properties of good mortar mix and mortar 7-12. Preparation of mortar 7-13. Uses of mortar 7-14. Precautions in using mortar 7-15. Selection of mortar 7-16. Tests for mortars Questions 7 Chapter 8 CEMENT CONCRETE 8-1. General 8-2. Properties of cement concrete 8-3. Materials used in R.C.C. work 8-4. Sea water for making concrete 8-5. Proportioning concrete 8-6. Grading of aggregates 8-7. Requirements of a good aggregate 8-8. Tests for aggregates 8-9. Water-cement ratio 8-10. Workability 8-11. Slump test 8-12. Estimating yield of concrete 8-13. Importance of bulking of sand 8-14. Mixing the materials of concrete 8-15. Transporting and placing of concrete 8-16. Consolidation of concrete 8-16-1. Hand consolidation 8-16-2. Vibrators 8-17. Curing of concrete 8-18. Types of cement concrete 8-18-1. Water-proofing cement concrete 8-18-2. Coloured concrete 8-18-3. Light-weight concrete 8-18-4. No-fines concrete 8-18-5. Pre-cast concrete 8-18-6. Ready-mix concrete 8-18-7. Transit-mix concrete 8-19. Joints in concrete structures 8-20. Guniting 8-21. Formwork 8-22. Quality control of concrete Questions 8 Chapter 9 TIMBER 9-1. General 9-2. Trees for life 9-3. Classification of trees 9-4. Structure of a tree 9-4-1. Macrostructure 9-4-2. Microstructure 9-5. Processing of timber 9-5-1. Felling of trees 9-5-2. Seasoning of timber 9-5-3. Conversion of timber 9-5-4. Preservation of timber 9-6. Fire-resistance of timber 9-7. Defects in timber 9-8. Qualities of good timber 9-9. Factors affecting the strength of timber 9-10. Decay of timber 9-11. Storage of timber 9-12. Market forms of timber 9-13. Industrial timber 9-14. Advantages of timber construction 9-15. Uses of timber 9-16. Indian timber trees 9-17. Plantation of teak trees Questions 9 Chapter 10 FERROUS METALS 10-1. General 10-2. Iron ores 10-3. Pig-iron 10-4. Manufacture of pig-iron 10-4-1. Essential parts and equipment of a blast furnace 10-4-2. Working of a blast furnace 10-4-3. Precautions to be taken for working of blast furnace 10-5. Properties of pig-iron 10-6. Types of pig-iron 10-7. Other methods of pig-iron manufacture 10-8. Some terms describing the nature and properties of metals 10-9. Cast-iron 10-9-1. Composition of cast-iron 10-9-2. Types of cast-iron 10-9-3. Properties of cast-iron 10-9-4. Uses of cast-iron 10-10. Castings 10-10-1. Types of castings 10-10-2. Characteristics of a good casting 10-10-3. Defects in casting 10-11. Wrought-iron 10-11-1. Manufacture of wrought-iron 10-11-2. Aston’s process 10-11-3. Properties of wrought-iron 10-11-4. Defects in wrought-iron 10-11-5. Use of wrought-iron Questions 10 Chapter 11 STEEL 11-1. General 11-2. Manufacture of steel 11-3. Uses of steel 11-4. Factors affecting physical properties of steel 11-5. Magnetic properties of steel 11-6. Defects in steel 11-7. Properties of mild steel 11-8. Properties of hard steel 11-9. Mechanical treatment of steel 11-10. Heat treatment processes 11-11. Market forms of steel Questions 11 Chapter 12 NON-FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS 12-1. Non-ferrous metals 12-2. Aluminium 12-2-1. Manufacture of aluminium 12-2-2. Properties of aluminium 12-2-3. Evaluation of aluminium as building material 12-2-4. Economics of using aluminium 12-2-5. Forms of aluminium 12-2-6. Uses of aluminium 12-2-7. Conclusion 12-3. Cobalt 12-3-1. Manufacture of cobalt 12-3-2. Properties of cobalt 12-3-3. Uses of cobalt 12-4. Copper 12-4-1. Manufacture of Copper 12-4-2. Properties of Copper 12-4-3. Uses of Copper 12-5. Lead 12-5-1. Manufacture of Lead 12-5-2. Properties of Lead 12-5-3. Uses of Lead 12-6. Magnesium 12-6-1. Manufacture of Magnesium 12-6-2. Properties of Magnesium 12-6-3. Uses of Magnesium 12-7. Nickel 12-7-1. Manufacture of Nickel 12-7-2. Properties of Nickel 12-7-3. Uses of Nickel 12-8. Tin 12-8-1. Manufacture of Tin 12-8-2. Properties of Tin 12-8-3. Uses of Tin 12-9. Zinc 12-9-1. Manufacture of Zinc 12-9-2. Properties of Zinc 12-9-3. Uses of Zinc 12-10. Alloys 12-10-1. Aluminium alloys 12-10-2. Copper alloys 12-10-3. Magnesium alloys 12-10-4. Nickel alloys 12-10-5. Steel alloys Questions 12 Chapter 13 CORROSION 13-1. General 13-2. Causes of corrosion 13-3. Factors influencing corrosion 13-4. Theories of corrosion 13-5. Forms of corrosion 13-6. Effect of corrosion 13-7. Corrosion of ferrous metals 13-8. Corrosion of non-ferrous metals 13-9. Standard electrode potential 13-10. Prevention of corrosion of steel in concrete 13-11. Preventive measures for corrosion Questions 13 Chapter 14 GLASS 14-1. General 14-2. Classification of glass 14-3. Composition of glass 14-4. Properties of glass 14-5. Types of glass 14-6. Manufacture of glass 14-7. Treatment of glass 14-8. Coloured glass 14-9. Special varieties of glass 14-10. Glass industry in India Questions 14 Chapter 15 PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS 15-1. General 15-2. Painting 15-2-1. Characteristics of an ideal paint 15-2-2. Pigment volume concentration number (P.V.C.N.) 15-2-3. Ingredients of an oil borne paint 15-2-4. Types of paints 15-2-5. Notes for guidance in the process of painting 15-2-6. Painting on different surfaces 15-2-7. Failure of paint 15-2-8. Defects in painting 15-3. Varnishing 15-3-1. Characteristics of an ideal varnish 15-3-2. Ingredients of a varnish 15-3-3. Types of varnishes 15-3-4. Process of varnishing 15-4. Distempering 15-4-1. Properties of distempers 15-4-2. Ingredients of a distemper 15-4-3. Process of distempering 15-5. Wall paper 15-6. Whitewashing 15-7. Colourwashing Questions 15 Chapter 16 PLASTICS 16-1. Brief history 16-2. Composition 16-3. Polymerization 16-4. Classification of plastics 16-5. Resins 16-5-1. Thermo-plastic resins 16-5-2. Thermo-setting resins 16-6. Moulding compounds 16-7. Fabrication 16-8. Properties of plastics 16-9. Uses of plastics 16-10. PVC pipes in buildings 16-11. Biodegradable plastic 16-12. Fibre glass reinforced plastic 16-12-1. Properties of FRP 16-12-2. Applications of FRP in building industry 16-13. Conclusion Questions 16 Chapter 17 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS 17-1. General 17-2. Abrasives 17-3. Adhesives 17-4. Asbestos 17-4-1. Properties of asbestos 17-4-2. Uses of asbestos 17-4-3. Asbestos cement products 17-5. Asphalt 17-5-1. Classification of asphalt 17-5-2. Forms of asphalt 17-5-3. Properties of asphalt 17-5-4. Uses of asphalt 17-6. Belts 17-7. Bitumen 17-7-1. Forms of bitumen 17-7-2. Functions of bituminous materials 17-7-3. Tests for bituminous materials 17-8. Composite materials 17-9. Cork 17-9-1. Properties of cork 17-9-2. Uses of cork 17-10. Electrical insulators 17-11. Fly-ash 17-11-1. Use of Fly-ash 17-11-2. Use of Fly-ash for miscellaneous purposes 17-12. Fuels 17-12-1. Classification of fuels 17-12-2. Advantages of gaseous fuels 17-13. Gypsum 17-14. Gypsum plaster 17-15. Plaster boards 17-16. Pyrocell 17-17. Heat insulating materials 17-18. Lubricants 17-18-1. Types of lubricants 17-18-2. Varieties of liquid lubricants 17-18-3. Methods of applying lubricants 17-18-4. Lubricant industry in India 17-19. Magnetic materials 17-20. Nano materials 17-21. Rubber 17-21-1. Types of rubber 17-21-2. Vulcanization 17-21-3. Compounding of rubber 17-21-4. Properties of rubber 17-21-5. Uses of rubber 17-21-6. Forms of rubber 17-21-7. Reclaimed rubber 17-22. Sealants for joints 17-22-1. Polysulphide based sealants 17-22-2. Sealant Application equipment 17-22-3. Sealant Application accessories 17-22-4. Working criteria for sealants 17-23. Sheets for pitched roof coverings 17-24. Solder 17-25. Sound absorbent materials 17-26. Tar 17-27. Turpentine Questions 17 Chapter 18 MATERIAL SCIENCE OF METALS 18-1. General 18-2. Structure of atom 18-3. Atomic number and atomic weight 18-4. Avogadro’s number 18-5. Orbit and Orbital 18-6. Quantum Numbers 18-7. Electron Configuration 18-8. Atomic theories and atomic models 18-9. Isotopes and isobars 18-10. Periodic table 18-10-1. Modern periodic law and modern periodic table 18-11. Bonding in solids 18-11-1. Primary bonds 18-11-2. Secondary bonds 18-11-3. Mixed bonds 18-12. Crystal structure 18-13. Space lattice and unit cell 18-14. Bravais lattices 18-15. Crystal structures for metallic elements 18-16. Co-ordination number 18-17. Atomic radius 18-18. Atomic packing factor 18-19. Miller indices 18-20. Linear and planar densities 18-21. Plastic deformation of a single crystal 18-22. Types of imperfections 18-23. Electrical conductivity Questions Appendix I B.I.S. CODES FOR IMPORTANT ENGINEERING MATERIALS Aggregates Asphalt, tar and bitumen Building stones Bricks, tiles and other clay products Cement and concrete Glass Hardware Insulating materials Paints and varnishes Pipes, steel sections, etc. Reinforcement and structural steel Sheets, light metals and their alloys Thinner and solvents Water supply and sanitary appliances and fittings Wire ropes and wire products Wooden and metal doors-windows, timber and wood products Varnishes and lacquers Appendix II ABBREVIATED TERMS USED IN THIS BOOK BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX

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